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  1. Microsporidia is a large group of eukaryotic obligate intracellular spore-forming parasites, of which 17 species can cause microsporidiosis in humans. Most human-infecting microsporidians belong to the genera Ent...

    Authors: Artur Trzebny, Justyna Liberska, Anna Slodkowicz-Kowalska and Miroslawa Dabert

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:26

    Content type: Short report

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  2. Due to increased anthelmintic resistance, alternative methods to drugs are necessary to control gastrointestinal nematodes (GINs). Some of the most promising alternatives are based on the immune response of th...

    Authors: Leire Ortega, Jessica Quesada, Antonio Ruiz, María Magnolia Conde-Felipe, Otilia Ferrer, Francisco Rodríguez and José Manuel Molina

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:25

    Content type: Research

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  3. Baylisascaris procyonis is a nematode parasite of the raccoon (Procyon lotor), and it can be responsible for a severe form of larva migrans in humans. This parasite has been reported from many countries all over ...

    Authors: Andrea Lombardo, Giuseppina Brocherel, Carla Donnini, Gianluca Fichi, Alessia Mariacher, Elena Lavinia Diaconu, Virginia Carfora, Antonio Battisti, Nadia Cappai, Luca Mattioli and Claudio De Liberato

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:24

    Content type: Short report

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  4. Despite the limited knowledge regarding the effects of deworming medication (DM) on nutritional indicators in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), deworming programmes continue to be implemented in resource-limited count...

    Authors: Andy Bauleni, Fentanesh N. Tiruneh, Tisungane E. Mwenyenkulu, Owen Nkoka, Gowokani C. Chirwa, Steve Gowelo, Michael G. Chipeta and Peter A. M. Ntenda

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:7

    Content type: Research

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  5. Data on the genus Sarcocystis in insectivores are limited. The Asian gray shrew Crocidura attenuata is one of the most common species of the insectivore family Soricidae in South Asia and Southeast Asia. To our k...

    Authors: Junjie Hu, Jun Sun, Yanmei Guo, Hongxia Zeng, Yunzhi Zhang and Jianping Tao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:13

    Content type: Research

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  6. Yellow fever virus (YFV) is an arbovirus that, despite the existence of a safe and effective vaccine, continues to cause outbreaks of varying dimensions in the Americas and Africa. Between 2017 and 2019, Brazi...

    Authors: Filipe Vieira Santos de Abreu, Cecilia Siliansky de Andreazzi, Maycon Sebastião Alberto Santos Neves, Patrícia Soares Meneguete, Mário Sérgio Ribeiro, Cristina Maria Giordano Dias, Monique de Albuquerque Motta, Christovam Barcellos, Anselmo Rocha Romão, Mônica de Avelar Figueiredo Mafra Magalhães and Ricardo Lourenço-de-Oliveira

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:23

    Content type: Research

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  7. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are important regulators of various biological and pathological processes, in particular the inflammatory response by modulating the transcriptional control of inflammatory genes...

    Authors: Sha-Sha Wang, Chun-Xue Zhou, Hany M. Elsheikha, Jun-Jun He, Feng-Cai Zou, Wen-Bin Zheng, Xing-Quan Zhu and Guang-Hui Zhao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:22

    Content type: Research

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  8. Strongyloides stercoralis, a soil-transmitted helminth, occurs in humans, non-human primates, dogs, cats and wild canids. The zoonotic potential between these hosts is not well understood with data available on p...

    Authors: Aida Vafae Eslahi, Sima Hashemipour, Meysam Olfatifar, Elham Houshmand, Elham Hajialilo, Razzagh Mahmoudi, Milad Badri and Jennifer K. Ketzis

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:21

    Content type: Research

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  9. Malaria constitutes one of the largest public health burdens faced by humanity. Malaria control has to be an efficient balance between diagnosis, treatment and vector control strategies. The World Health Organ...

    Authors: Sundus Shafat Ahmad, Manju Rahi, Poonam Saroha and Amit Sharma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:20

    Content type: Review

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  10. Cytauxzoon spp. infection is believed to be a newly emerging tick-borne disease in felids in Europe, with three species of the haemoparasite having recently been differentiated in wild felids. In Switzerland, rar...

    Authors: Barbara Willi, Marina L. Meli, Chiara Cafarelli, Urs O. Gilli, Anja Kipar, Alina Hubbuch, Barbara Riond, Judith Howard, Daniel Schaarschmidt, Walter Regli and Regina Hofmann-Lehmann

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:19

    Content type: Research

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  11. Dogs are the reservoir host of Leishmania infantum, the agent of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (VL), which is transmitted by the bite of phlebotomine sand flies. The sand fly Phlebotomus perniciosus is the main...

    Authors: Gioia Bongiorno, Leon Meyer, Alec Evans, Nouha Lekouch, Padraig Doherty, Rafael Chiummo and Luigi Gradoni

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:18

    Content type: Short report

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  12. Leishmaniasis is endemic in Tunisia and presents with different clinical forms, caused by the species Leishmania infantum, Leishmania major, and Leishmania tropica. The life cycle of Leishmania is complex and inv...

    Authors: Moufida Derghal, Abir Tebai, Ghofrane Balti, Hajer Souguir-Omrani, Jomaa Chemkhi, Adel Rhim, Ali Bouattour, Ikram Guizani, Youmna M’Ghirbi and Souheila Guerbouj

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:12

    Content type: Research

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  13. Malaria is transmitted when infected Anopheles mosquitoes take a blood meal. During this process, the mosquitoes inject a cocktail of bioactive proteins that elicit antibody responses in humans and could be used ...

    Authors: Brenda Oseno, Faith Marura, Rodney Ogwang, Martha Muturi, James Njunge, Irene Nkumama, Robert Mwakesi, Kennedy Mwai, Martin K. Rono, Ramadhan Mwakubambanya, Faith Osier and James Tuju

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:11

    Content type: Research

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  14. Drug resistance and toxic side effects are major challenges in the treatment of babesiosis. As such, new drugs are needed to combat the emergence of drug resistance in Babesia parasites and to develop alternative...

    Authors: Shengwei Ji, Mingming Liu, Eloiza May Galon, Mohamed Abdo Rizk, Bumduuren Tuvshintulga, Jixu Li, Iqra Zafar, Yae Hasegawa, Aiko Iguchi, Naoaki Yokoyama and Xuenan Xuan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:10

    Content type: Short report

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  15. The species composition of cattle gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) communities can vary greatly between regions. Despite this, there is remarkably little large-scale surveillance data for cattle GIN species whi...

    Authors: Eranga Lakshitha De Seram, Elizabeth Mary Redman, Felicity Kaye Wills, Camila de Queiroz, John Ross Campbell, Cheryl Lynne Waldner, Sarah Elizabeth Parker, Russell William Avramenko, John Stuart Gilleard and Fabienne Dominique Uehlinger

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:17

    Content type: Research

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  16. There is ample evidence demonstrating a reverse relationship between helminth infection and immune-mediated diseases. Accordingly, several studies have shown that Echinococcus granulosus infection and hydatid cys...

    Authors: Sara Ghabdian, Sima Parande Shirvan, Mohsen Maleki and Hassan Borji

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:16

    Content type: Research

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  17. Annual mass drug administration with praziquantel has reduced schistosomiasis transmission in some highly endemic areas, but areas with persistent high endemicity have been identified across sub-Saharan Africa...

    Authors: Suzan C. M. Trienekens, Christina L. Faust, Fred Besigye, Lucy Pickering, Edridah M. Tukahebwa, Janet Seeley and Poppy H. L. Lamberton

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:15

    Content type: Research

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  18. Blastocystis is an anaerobic unicellular protist frequently detected in the gastrointestinal tracts of humans and animals worldwide. However, the prevalence and subtype distribution of Blastocystis in the coypu (

    Authors: Xuehan Liu, Fuzhen Ni, Rongjun Wang, Junqiang Li, Yaming Ge, Xuefeng Yang, Meng Qi and Longxian Zhang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:14

    Content type: Research Article

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  19. Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic intracellular protozoon that is estimated to infect about 30% of the world’s population, resulting in toxoplasmosis in immunocompromised patients and adverse outcomes in cases of p...

    Authors: Dan Jiang, Shuizhen Wu, Liqing Xu, Guantai Xie, Dongliang Li and Hongjuan Peng

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:3

    Content type: Research

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  20. The invasive species Aedes albopictus, commonly known as the Asian tiger mosquito, has undergone extreme range expansion by means of steady introductions as blind passengers in vehicles traveling from the Mediter...

    Authors: Norbert Becker, Sophie Min Langentepe-Kong, Artin Tokatlian Rodriguez, Thin Thin Oo, Dirk Reichle, Renke Lühken, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Peter Lüthy, Arianna Puggioli and Romeo Bellini

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:9

    Content type: Research

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  21. Asymptomatic Leishmania infection may play an important role in the transmission of the parasite in endemic areas. At present there is no consensus on the definition of asymptomatic Leishmania infection, nor is t...

    Authors: Ana Victoria Ibarra-Meneses, Audrey Corbeil, Victoria Wagner, Chukwuemeka Onwuchekwa and Christopher Fernandez-Prada

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:5

    Content type: Review

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  22. Chicken coccidiosis is a parasitic disease caused by Eimeria of Apicomplexa, which has caused great economic loss to the poultry breeding industry. Host vimentin is a key protein in the process of infection of ma...

    Authors: Zhan Liu, Xiangfei Geng, Qiping Zhao, Shunhai Zhu, Hongyu Han, Yu Yu, Wenhao Huang, Yawen Yao, Bing Huang and Hui Dong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:8

    Content type: Research

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  23. There is limited clinical or epidemiological knowledge regarding Bartonella infection in cats, and no serological studies have compared the presence of antibodies against different Bartonella species. Moreover, t...

    Authors: Alejandra Álvarez-Fernández, Ricardo Maggi, Gerard Eduard Martín-Valls, Marta Baxarias, Edward Bealmear Breitschwerdt and Laia Solano-Gallego

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:6

    Content type: Research

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  24. Human and animal pathogens that are transmitted by arthropods are a global concern, particularly those vectored by ticks (e.g. Borrelia burgdorferi and tick-borne encephalitis virus) and mosquitoes (e.g. malaria ...

    Authors: Apolline Maitre, Alejandra Wu-Chuang, Justė Aželytė, Vaidas Palinauskas, Lourdes Mateos-Hernández, Dasiel Obregon, Adnan Hodžić, Claire Valiente Moro, Agustín Estrada-Peña, Jean-Christophe Paoli, Alessandra Falchi and Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:4

    Content type: Review

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  25. Odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) play important roles in many physiological processes of mosquitoes. Previous high-throughput sequencing studies have revealed that some OBPs of Culex quinquefasciatus might be invo...

    Authors: Rui-xin Shen, Yi-ting Wang, Jia-hong Wu, Ning Zhang, Heng-duan Zhang, Dan Xing, Yan Chen, Chun-xiao Li and Tong-yan Zhao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:2

    Content type: Research

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  26. The argasid tick Ornithodoros erraticus is the main vector of tick-borne human relapsing fever (TBRF) and African swine fever (ASF) in the Mediterranean Basin. The prevention and control of these diseases would g...

    Authors: Ricardo Pérez-Sánchez, Angel Carnero-Morán, M. Luz Valero and Ana Oleaga

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:1

    Content type: Research

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  27. Vector-borne diseases pose an increasing threat to global food security. Vaccines, diagnostic tests, and therapeutics are urgently needed for tick-borne diseases that affect livestock. However, the inability t...

    Authors: Rubikah Vimonish, Kelcey D. Dinkel, Lindsay M. Fry, Wendell C. Johnson, Janaina Capelli-Peixoto, Reginaldo G. Bastos, Glen A. Scoles, Donald P. Knowles, Maxime Madder, George Chaka and Massaro W. Ueti

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:616

    Content type: Research

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  28. Spatial and temporal changes in the dengue incidence are associated with multiple factors, such as climate, immunity among a population against dengue viruses (DENV), circulating DENV serotypes and vertical tr...

    Authors: Chandana Wijesinghe, Jagath Gunatilake, P. H. D. Kusumawathie, P. D. N. N. Sirisena, S. W. P. L. Daulagala, Bushran N. Iqbal and Faseeha Noordeen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:614

    Content type: Research

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  29. Anaplasma, Babesia and Theileria are tick-borne pathogens (TBPs) that affect livestock worldwide. However, information on these pathogens in yaks (Bos grunniens) and Tibetan sheep (Ovis aries) on the Qinghai-Tib...

    Authors: Yongcai He, Wangkai Chen, Ping Ma, Yaoping Wei, Ruishan Li, Zhihong Chen, Shuyu Tian, Tongsheng Qi, Jinfang Yang, Yali Sun, Jixu Li, Ming Kang and Ying Li

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:613

    Content type: Research

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  30. It is well established that ecdysteroid hormones play an important role in arthropod development and reproduction, mediated by ecdysteroid receptors. Ticks are obligate hematophagous arthropods and vectors of ...

    Authors: Xiaojuan Lu, Zhipeng Zhang, Dongqi Yuan, Yongzhi Zhou, Jie Cao, Houshuang Zhang, Itabajara da Silva Vaz Jr. and Jinlin Zhou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:612

    Content type: Research

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  31. Trehalose-6-phosphate phosphatase (TPP6) is a key enzyme in the trehalose biosynthesis pathway. The accumulation of TPP6 inside the body is harmful to the pathogen, but almost nothing is currently known about ...

    Authors: ZhaoHai Wen, XinRan Xie, Muhammad Tahir Aleem, Kalibixiati Aimulajiang, Cheng Chen, Meng Liang, XiaoKai Song, LiXin Xu, XiangRui Li and RuoFeng Yan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:611

    Content type: Research

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  32. Vector-borne diseases, especially arboviruses transmitted by Aedes sp. mosquitos, should be a health policy priority in Brazil. Despite this urgency, there are significant limitations in the traditional surveilla...

    Authors: Paulo Rufalco-Moutinho, Lorena Aparecida Gonçalves de Noronha, Tatyane de Souza Cardoso Quintão, Tayane Ferreira Nobre, Ana Paula Sampaio Cardoso, Daiani Cristina Cilião-Alves, Marco Aurélio Bellocchio Júnior, Mateus de Paula von Glehn, Rodrigo Haddad, Gustavo Adolfo Sierra Romero and Wildo Navegantes de Araújo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:610

    Content type: Research

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  33. Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse, 1894) is the main vector of dengue virus in China. The resistance to insecticides is a huge obstacle for the control of this species, and determining its resistance status and...

    Authors: Yong Wei, Xueli Zheng, Song He, Xuli Xin, Jiachun Zhang, Ke Hu, Guofa Zhou and Daibin Zhong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:609

    Content type: Research

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  34. Cryptosporidium andersoni initiates infection by releasing sporozoites from oocysts through excystation. However, the proteins involved in excystation are unknown. Determining the proteins that participate in the...

    Authors: Dong-Fang Li, Zhao-Hui Cui, Lu-Yang Wang, Kai-Hui Zhang, Le-Tian Cao, Shuang-Jian Zheng and Long-Xian Zhang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:608

    Content type: Research

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  35. Culicoides kingi and Culicoides oxystoma belong to the Schultzei group of biting midges. These two species are vectors of disease in livestock of economic importance. As described in the literature, morphological...

    Authors: Darine Slama, Rihab Baraket, Latifa Remadi, Emna Chaker and Hamouda Babba

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:607

    Content type: Research

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  36. Entomological surveillance is an important means of assessing the efficacy of insect vector management programs and estimating disease transmission thresholds. Among baited traps, Biogents’ BG-Sentinel (BGS) t...

    Authors: Dae-Yun Kim, Theerachart Leepasert, Michael J. Bangs and Theeraphap Chareonviriyaphap

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:606

    Content type: Research

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  37. Mosquito-borne diseases have a devastating impact on human civilization. A few species of Anopheles mosquitoes are responsible for malaria transmission, and while there has been a reduction in malaria-related dea...

    Authors: Soumyananda Chakraborti, Jyoti Chhibber-Goel and Amit Sharma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:605

    Content type: Short report

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  38. Gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) epidemiology is changing in many regions of the world due to factors such as global warming and emerging anthelmintic resistance. However, the dynamics of these changes in nort...

    Authors: Tong Wang, Elizabeth M. Redman, Arianna Morosetti, Rebecca Chen, Sarah Kulle, Natasha Morden, Christopher McFarland, Hannah Rose Vineer, Douglas D. Colwell, Eric R. Morgan and John S. Gilleard

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:604

    Content type: Research

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  39. Trichomonas vaginalis causes lesions on the cervicovaginal mucosa in women; however, its pathogenesis remains unclear. We have investigated the involvement of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in the induction of ap...

    Authors: Fei Fei Gao, Juan-Hua Quan, Min A. Lee, Wei Ye, Jae-Min Yuk, Guang-Ho Cha, In-Wook Choi and Young-Ha Lee

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:603

    Content type: Research

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  40. The recent detection of the South Asian malaria vector Anopheles stephensi in the Horn of Africa (HOA) raises concerns about the impact of this mosquito on malaria transmission in the region. Analysis of An. step...

    Authors: Tamar E. Carter, Solomon Yared, Dejene Getachew, Joseph Spear, Sae Hee Choi, Jeanne N. Samake, Peter Mumba, Dereje Dengela, Gedeon Yohannes, Sheleme Chibsa, Matthew Murphy, Gunawardena Dissanayake, Cecilia Flately, Karen Lopez, Daniel Janies, Sarah Zohdy…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:602

    Content type: Research

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  41. Breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related death among women, and prognosis is especially poor for patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC); therefore, there is an urgent need for new e...

    Authors: Li-Qing Xu, Li-Jie Yao, Dan Jiang, Li-Juan Zhou, Min Chen, Wen-Zhong Liao, Wei-Hao Zou and Hong-Juan Peng

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:601

    Content type: Research

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  42. The limited ovicidal activity of currently available acaricides is a significant obstacle to efficacious scabies treatment. Several essential oils or their respective components have proved to be active agains...

    Authors: Meilin Li, Shunlong Liu, Zhijuan Yin, Charlotte Bernigaud, Jacques Guillot and Fang Fang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:600

    Content type: Short report

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  43. Leishmania infantum is the most important etiological agent of visceral leishmaniasis in the Americas and Mediterranean region, and the dog is the main host. Miltefosine was authorized to treat canine leishmanias...

    Authors: Gustavo Gonçalves, Monique Paiva Campos, Alessandra Silva Gonçalves, Lia Carolina Soares Medeiros and Fabiano Borges Figueiredo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:599

    Content type: Short report

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  44. As a pervasive insect that transmits a variety of pathogens to humans and animals, the housefly has abundant and diverse microbial communities in its intestines. These gut microbes play an important role in th...

    Authors: Qian Zhang, Shumin Wang, Xinyu Zhang, Kexin Zhang, Wenjuan Liu, Ruiling Zhang and Zhong Zhang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:598

    Content type: Research

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  45. Cyathostomins are the most important and common parasitic nematodes of horses, with > 50 species known to occur worldwide. The frequent and indiscriminate use of anthelmintics has resulted in the development o...

    Authors: Ghazanfar Abbas, Abdul Ghafar, John Hurley, Jenni Bauquier, Anne Beasley, Edwina J. A. Wilkes, Caroline Jacobson, Charles El-Hage, Lucy Cudmore, Peter Carrigan, Brett Tennent-Brown, Charles G. Gauci, Martin K. Nielsen, Kristopher J. Hughes, Ian Beveridge and Abdul Jabbar

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:597

    Content type: Research

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  46. The Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l.) genogroup is the causative agent responsible for Lyme borreliosis, a common tick-borne infectious disease in some temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. In humans...

    Authors: Zsuzsa Kalmár, Violeta Briciu, Mircea Coroian, Mirela Flonta, Amanda-Lelia Rădulescu, Adriana Topan, Andrei Daniel Mihalca and Mihaela Lupșe

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:596

    Content type: Research

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  47. Mosquitoes transmit a variety of diseases. Due to widespread insecticide resistance, new effective pesticides are urgently needed. Entomopathogenic fungi are widely utilized to control pest insects in agricult...

    Authors: Liang Jin, Guodong Niu, Limei Guan, Julian Ramelow, Zhigao Zhan, Xi Zhou and Jun Li

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:595

    Content type: Research

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  48. Gastrointestinal nematodes are ubiquitous for both domestic and wild ungulates and have varying consequences for health and fitness. They exist as complex communities of multiple co-infecting species, and we h...

    Authors: Camille Beaumelle, Elizabeth M. Redman, Jill de Rijke, Janneke Wit, Slimania Benabed, François Debias, Jeanne Duhayer, Sylvia Pardonnet, Marie-Thérèse Poirel, Gilles Capron, Stéphane Chabot, Benjamin Rey, Glenn Yannic, John S. Gilleard and Gilles Bourgoin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:594

    Content type: Research

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  49. Echinococcus multilocularis is the causative agent of human hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (AE). AE can cause damage to several organs, primarily the liver, and have severe outcomes, such as hepatic failure and ...

    Authors: Deping Cao, Emad Shamsan, Bofan Jiang, Haining Fan, Yaogang Zhang and Mustafa Abdo Saif Dehwah

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:593

    Content type: Research

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As a result of the significant disruption that is being caused by the COVID-19 pandemic we are very aware that many researchers will have difficulty in meeting the timelines associated with our peer review process during normal times. Please do let us know if you need additional time. Our systems will continue to remind you of the original timelines but we intend to be highly flexible at this time.