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  1. Under-regulated national borders in Southeast Asia represent potential regions for enhanced parasitic helminth transmission and present barriers to helminthiasis disease control.

    Authors: Poom Adisakwattana, Tippayarat Yoonuan, Orawan Phuphisut, Akkarin Poodeepiyasawat, Nirundorn Homsuwan, Catherine A. Gordon, Donald P. McManus, Louise E. Atkinson, Angela Mousley and Geoffrey N. Gobert

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:416

    Content type: Research

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  2. Leishmaniasis is a serious health problem in some parts of the world. In spite of the many known leishmaniasis control measures, the disease has continued to increase in endemic areas, and no effective vaccine...

    Authors: Samira Salari, Iraj Sharifi, Ali Reza Keyhani and Pooya Ghasemi Nejad Almani

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:415

    Content type: Research

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  3. The endosymbiont bacterium Wolbachia is maternally inherited and naturally infects some filarial nematodes and a diverse range of arthropods, including mosquito vectors responsible for disease transmission in hum...

    Authors: Meng Li Wong, Jonathan Wee Kent Liew, Wai Kit Wong, Sandthya Pramasivan, Norzihan Mohamed Hassan, Wan Yusoff Wan Sulaiman, Nantha Kumar Jeyaprakasam, Cherng Shii Leong, Van Lun Low and Indra Vythilingam

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:414

    Content type: Research

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  4. There has been no evidence of transmission of mosquito-borne arboviruses of equine or human health concern to date in the UK. However, in recent years there have been a number of outbreaks of viral diseases sp...

    Authors: Gail E. Chapman, Ken Sherlock, Jenny C. Hesson, Marcus S. C. Blagrove, Gareth J. Lycett, Debra Archer, Tom Solomon and Matthew Baylis

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:413

    Content type: Research

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  5. How anopheline mosquitoes persist through the long dry season in Africa remains a gap in our understanding of these malaria vectors. To span this period in locations such as the Sahelian zone of Mali, mosquito...

    Authors: Benjamin J. Krajacich, Margery Sullivan, Roy Faiman, Laura Veru, Leland Graber and Tovi Lehmann

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:412

    Content type: Research

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  6. The genus Marshallagia (Family Haemonchidae, subfamily Ostertagiinae) contains multiple species of nematodes parasitising the abomasum (or duodenum) of ruminants, in particular of Caprinae. Male specimens have be...

    Authors: Abdurakhim Kuchboev, Khanifakhon Sobirova, Rokhatoy Karimova, Oybek Amirov, Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna and Jürgen Krücken

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:411

    Content type: Research

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  7. Pediculus humanus, which includes two ecotypes (body and head lice), is an obligate bloodsucking parasite that co-evolved with their human hosts over thousands of years, thus providing a valuable source of inform...

    Authors: Celia Scherelle Boumbanda-Koyo, Oleg Mediannikov, Nadia Amanzougaghene, Sandrine Lydie Oyegue-Liabagui, Roméo Karl Imboumi-Limoukou, Didier Raoult, Jean Bernard Lekana-Douki and Florence Fenollar

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:410

    Content type: Research

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  8. The coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has affected millions of people worldwide. Recent evidence raised the question about the po...

    Authors: Margarita Villar, Isabel G. Fernández de Mera, Sara Artigas-Jerónimo, Marinela Contreras, Christian Gortázar and José de la Fuente

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:409

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  9. To predict the risk of tick-borne disease, it is critical to understand the ecological factors that determine the abundance of ticks. In Europe, the sheep tick (Ixodes ricinus) transmits a number of important dis...

    Authors: Cindy Bregnard, Olivier Rais and Maarten Jeroen Voordouw

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:408

    Content type: Research

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  10. Drastic increases of dengue fever (DF) over the past few years have prompted studies on the development of resistance to insecticides in the mosquito vector, Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus). In Sri Lanka control of the ...

    Authors: H. Sachini D. Fernando, Karla Saavedra-Rodriguez, Rushika Perera, William C. Black IV and B. G. D. Nissanka Kolitha De Silva

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:407

    Content type: Research

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  11. Parasitic infections may cause significant effects on behavior, learning, and memory of the host. In the brain of mice heavily infected with Angiostrongylus cantonensis, severe damage has been observed in the hip...

    Authors: Kai-Yuan Jhan, Guan-Jhih Lai, Pi-Kai Chang, Ren-Yu Tang, Chien-Ju Cheng, Kuang-Yao Chen and Lian-Chen Wang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:405

    Content type: Research

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  12. Masked palm civets are known to play an important role in the transmission of some zoonotic pathogens. However, the distribution and zoonotic potential of Enterocytozoon bieneusi, Giardia duodenalis and Cryptospo...

    Authors: Zhengjie Yu, Xi Wen, Xitong Huang, Ruohong Yang, Yaqiong Guo, Yaoyu Feng, Lihua Xiao and Na Li

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:403

    Content type: Research

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  13. Host specificity is one of the outputs of the coevolution between parasites and their associated hosts. Several scenarios have been proposed to explain the pattern of parasite distribution in parental and hybr...

    Authors: Vadym Krasnovyd, Lukáš Vetešník and Andrea Šimková

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:402

    Content type: Research

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  14. To understand the dynamics of malaria transmission, membrane feeding assays with glass feeders are used to assess the transmission potential of malaria infected individuals to mosquitoes. However, in some circ...

    Authors: Wouter Graumans, Roel Heutink, Geert-Jan van Gemert, Marga van de Vegte-Bolmer, Teun Bousema and Katharine A. Collins

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:401

    Content type: Research

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  15. Toxoplasma gondii is an opportunistic protozoan infecting almost one-third of the world’s population. Toxoplasma gondii rhoptry protein 18 (TgROP18) is a key virulence factor determining the parasite’s acute viru...

    Authors: Ling Kong, Dan Jiang, Cheng He, Jing Xia, Haixia Wei, Lijuan Zhou and Hongjuan Peng

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:400

    Content type: Research

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  16. Different methods have been used to preserve phlebotomine sand flies for research purposes, including for taxonomic studies and detection of Leishmania spp. Here, we evaluated the effect of various preservation m...

    Authors: Kamila Gaudêncio da Silva Sales, Débora Elienai de Oliveira Miranda, Fernando José da Silva, Domenico Otranto, Luciana Aguiar Figueredo and Filipe Dantas-Torres

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:399

    Content type: Research

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  17. Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that recently emerged in the South Pacific islands and Americas where unprecedented outbreaks were reported. Although Aedes aegypti is considered to be the main ve...

    Authors: Yann Gomard, Cyrille Lebon, Patrick Mavingui and Célestine M. Atyame

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:398

    Content type: Research

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  18. Schistosomiasis remains prevalent in Africa, Asia and South America with an estimated burden of 1.9 million disability-adjusted life years in 2016. Targeting snails as a key to success for schistosomiasis cont...

    Authors: Juan Qiu, Rendong Li, Hong Zhu, Jing Xia, Ying Xiao, Duan Huang and Yong Wang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:397

    Content type: Research

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  19. Toxoplasma gondii is a major cause of abortion in small ruminants and presents a zoonotic risk when undercooked meat containing cysts is consumed. The aim of the present study was to investigate the genetic diver...

    Authors: Mercedes Fernández-Escobar, Rafael Calero-Bernal, Julio Benavides, Javier Regidor-Cerrillo, María Cristina Guerrero-Molina, Daniel Gutiérrez-Expósito, Esther Collantes-Fernández and Luis Miguel Ortega-Mora

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:396

    Content type: Research

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  20. Arthropod borne virus infections are the cause of severe emerging diseases. Among the diseases due to arboviruses, dengue (DEN) and Rift Valley fever (RVF) are in the top ten in the list of diseases responsibl...

    Authors: Séverine Licciardi, Etienne Loire, Eric Cardinale, Marie Gislard, Emeric Dubois and Catherine Cêtre-Sossah

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:395

    Content type: Research

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  21. Historically, Anopheles atroparvus has been considered one of the most important malaria vectors in Europe. Since malaria was eradicated from the European continent, the interest in studying its vectors reduced s...

    Authors: Lotty Birnberg, Carles Aranda, Sandra Talavera, Ana I. Núñez, Raúl Escosa and Núria Busquets

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:394

    Content type: Methodology

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  22. Culicoides biting midges are vectors involved in the biological transmission cycle of important animal diseases such as bluetongue and African horse sickness. In Romania, the first outbreaks of bluetongue were re...

    Authors: Doru Hristescu, Florica Bărbuceanu, Lenuța Dascălu, Cristina Nițescu, Maria Goffredo, Adriana Santilli, Michela Quaglia, Thomas Balenghien and Gabriel Predoi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:393

    Content type: Research

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  23. Spatial repellents that drive mosquitoes away from treated areas, and odour-baited traps, that attract and kill mosquitoes, can be combined and work synergistically in a push-pull system. Push-pull systems hav...

    Authors: Mgeni M. Tambwe, Sarah J. Moore, Hassan Chilumba, Johnson K. Swai, Jason D. Moore, Caleb Stica and Adam Saddler

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:392

    Content type: Research

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  24. Lyme disease is the most prevalent vector-borne disease in the USA with cases continuing to increase. Current control measures have not been shown to be impactful, and therefore alternatives are needed. Treati...

    Authors: David M. Poché, Gregory Franckowiak, Tyler Clarke, Batchimeg Tseveenjav, Larisa Polyakova and Richard M. Poché

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:391

    Content type: Research

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  25. Fasciolosis is one of the most important parasitic diseases of livestock. The need for better control strategies gave rise to the identification of various vaccine candidates. The recombinant form of a member ...

    Authors: Leandro Buffoni, Laura Garza-Cuartero, Raúl Pérez-Caballero, Rafael Zafra, F. Javier Martínez-Moreno, Verónica Molina-Hernández, José Pérez, Álvaro Martínez-Moreno and Grace Mulcahy

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:390

    Content type: Research

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  26. Sticky traps are generally viewed as interceptive sand fly sampling methods; although no previous experimental evidence has supported this assumption. In this study, we tested this assumption experimentally for P...

    Authors: Dia-Eldin Elnaiem, Altayeb Khogali, Bashir Alsharif, Osman Dakein, Tayseer Jibreel, Mohamed Hassan, Hassan H. Edries, Hanan Elhadi, Bakri Elnur, Omran F. Osman, Margriet den Boer, Jorge Alvar and Noteila M. Khalid

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:389

    Content type: Research

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  27. Free-ranging chickens are often infected with Toxoplasma gondii and seroconvert upon infection. This indicates environmental contamination with T. gondii.

    Authors: Benedikt T. Fabian, Fatima Hedar, Martin Koethe, Berit Bangoura, Pavlo Maksimov, Franz J. Conraths, Isabelle Villena, Dominique Aubert, Frank Seeber and Gereon Schares

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:388

    Content type: Research

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  28. Giardia duodenalis is one of the most prevalent and highly diverse human parasites, encompassing a complex of eight genetically distinct assemblages, each further divided into sub-assemblages. While in recent yea...

    Authors: Carmen Costache, Zsuzsa Kalmár, Horațiu Alexandru Colosi, Alina Mihaela Baciu, Răzvan Vlad Opriş, Adriana Györke and Ioana Alina Colosi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:387

    Content type: Research

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  29. Dermatobia hominis (Diptera: Oestridae: Cuterebrinae) is a parasite with an important zoonotic and economical impact in the cattle industry, distributed in Central and South America, inhabiting wooded areas along...

    Authors: Georgiana Deak, Angela Monica Ionică, Giulia Nădășan-Cozma and Andrei Daniel Mihalca

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:386

    Content type: Short report

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  30. Infection with the cardiopulmonary nematode Angiostrongylus vasorum may cause severe disease in dogs, therefore prophylactic treatments are necessary to prevent infection in dogs at risk. A clinical field study w...

    Authors: Csilla Becskei, Jakob L. Willesen, Manuela Schnyder, Magda Wozniakiewicz, Nataliya Miroshnikova and Sean P. Mahabir

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:385

    Content type: Research

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  31. Because ixodid ticks are vectors of zoonotic pathogens, including Borrelia, information of their abundance, seasonal variation in questing behaviour and pathogen prevalence is important for human health. As ticks...

    Authors: Veli-Matti Pakanen, Jani J. Sormunen, Ella Sippola, Donald Blomqvist and Eva R. Kallio

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:384

    Content type: Research

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  32. Dirofilaria immitis is a parasitic nematode transmitted by mosquitoes and the cause of heartworm disease in dogs and dirofilariasis in humans and other mammals. The parasite is endemic worldwide. Vector stage res...

    Authors: Takahiro Shirozu, Akira Soga and Shinya Fukumoto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:383

    Content type: Methodology

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  33. Despite the public health importance of toxocariasis/toxascariasis, only a few species of these ascaridoid parasites from wild canine and feline carnivores have been studied at the molecular level so far. Poor...

    Authors: Yue Xie, Yingxin Li, Xiaobin Gu, Yunjian Liu, Xuan Zhou, Lu Wang, Ran He, Xuerong Peng and Guangyou Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:382

    Content type: Research

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  34. Cases of polydactyly in natural populations of amphibians have attracted great interest from biologists. At the end of the 1940s, the French biologist Jean Rostand discovered a polymorphic syndrome in some wat...

    Authors: Anton O. Svinin, Ivan V. Bashinskiy, Spartak N. Litvinchuk, Oleg A. Ermakov, Alexander Yu. Ivanov, Leonid A. Neymark, Aleksander A. Vedernikov, Vitalij V. Osipov, Galina P. Drobot and Alain Dubois

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:381

    Content type: Research

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  35. Understanding local Anopheles species compositions and bionomic traits are vital for an effective malaria vector intervention strategy. Though eight malaria vectors, including species complexes, have been documen...

    Authors: Jenna R. Davidson, Isra Wahid, Rusdiyah Sudirman, Scott T. Small, Allison L. Hendershot, Robert N. Baskin, Timothy A. Burton, Victoria Makuru, Honglin Xiao, Xiaoyu Yu, Emma V. Troth, Daniel Olivieri, Stephanny Lizarraga, Hajar Hasan, Andi Arfah, Muhammad Yusuf…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:379

    Content type: Research

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  36. Babesiosis, a tick-borne disease caused by protozoans of the genus Babesia, is widespread in subtropical and tropical countries. Mitochondria are essential organelles that are responsible for energy transduction ...

    Authors: Xiaoxing Wang, Jinming Wang, Junlong Liu, Aihong Liu, Xin He, Quanjia Xiang, Youquan Li, Hong Yin, Jianxun Luo and Guiquan Guan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:378

    Content type: Research

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  37. Babesia motasi is known as an etiological agent of human and ovine babesiosis. Diagnosis of babesiosis is traditionally performed by microscopy, examining Giemsa-stained thin peripheral blood smears. Rapid detect...

    Authors: Jinming Wang, Shandian Gao, Shangdi Zhang, Xin He, Junlong Liu, Aihong Liu, Youquan Li, Guangyuan Liu, Jianxun Luo, Guiquan Guan and Hong Yin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:377

    Content type: Research

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  38. The control of insects of medical importance, such as Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are still the only effective way to prevent the transmission of diseases, such as dengue, chikungunya and Zika. Their contr...

    Authors: Wellington Junior da Silva, Harry Luiz Pilz-Júnior, Ralf Heermann and Onilda Santos da Silva

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:376

    Content type: Review

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  39. Bovine cysticercosis (BCC) is an infection of cattle with the metacestode stage of Taenia saginata, the beef tapeworm, which causes taeniosis in humans. BCC is responsible for considerable economic losses in the ...

    Authors: Edilu Jorga, Inge Van Damme, Bizunesh Mideksa and Sarah Gabriël

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:375

    Content type: Review

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  40. Neospora caninum is an obligate intracellular parasite, and its ability to survive inside host immune cells may be a key mechanism for the establishment of infection in cattle. In vitro studies carried out by our...

    Authors: Marta García-Sánchez, Laura Jiménez-Pelayo, Pilar Horcajo, Esther Collantes-Fernández, Luis Miguel Ortega-Mora and Javier Regidor-Cerrillo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:374

    Content type: Research

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  41. Avian coccidiosis is a widespread, economically significant disease of poultry, caused by several Eimeria species. These parasites have complex and diverse life-cycles that require invasion of their host cells. T...

    Authors: Cong Li, Qiping Zhao, Shunhai Zhu, Qingjie Wang, Haixia Wang, Shuilan Yu, Yu Yu, Shashan Liang, Huanzhi Zhao, Bing Huang, Hui Dong and Hongyu Han

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:373

    Content type: Research

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  42. The pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, is a serious public health problem in rural low-resource areas of Latin America, Africa and Asia, where the associated conditions of nuerocysticercosis (NCC) and porcine cysticer...

    Authors: Ian W. Pray, Wayne Wakeland, William Pan, William E. Lambert, Hector H. Garcia, Armando E. Gonzalez and Seth E. O’Neal

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:372

    Content type: Research

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  43. Metagenomic studies have revealed the presence of a filarial nematode in Ixodes scapularis. The phylogeny of this agent, and its potential for human infection, are unknown.

    Authors: Rafal Tokarz, Teresa Tagliafierro, W. Ian Lipkin and Adriana R. Marques

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:371

    Content type: Short report

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  44. Acaricide resistance is a central problem for the control of the cattle tick Rhipicephalus microplus. The physiological effects and phenotypes of the mutations that cause acaricide resistance are not always well ...

    Authors: Raquel Cossío-Bayúgar, Estefan Miranda-Miranda, Francisco Martínez-Ibañez, Verónica Narváez-Padilla and Enrique Reynaud

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:370

    Content type: Research

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  45. The tick-borne intra-erythrocytic apicomplexan Babesia caballi is one of the etiological agents of equine babesiosis, an economically important disease of equids in most tropical and subtropical areas of the worl...

    Authors: Mona S. Mahmoud, Omnia M. Kandil, Nadia T. Abu El-Ezz, Seham H. M. Hendawy, Bassma S. M. Elsawy, Donald P. Knowles, Reginaldo G. Bastos, Lowell S. Kappmeyer, Jacob M. Laughery, Heba F. Alzan and Carlos E. Suarez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:369

    Content type: Research

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  46. Enterocytozoon bieneusi is the most frequently detected microsporidian species in humans and animals. Currently, to the best of our knowledge, no information on E. bieneusi infection in Himalayan marmots (Marmota...

    Authors: Jie Xu, Xin Wang, Huaiqi Jing, Shengkui Cao, Xiaofan Zhang, Yanyan Jiang, Jianhai Yin, Jianping Cao and Yujuan Shen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:367

    Content type: Research

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  47. Several members of genus Babesia are important pathogens causing babesiosis in dogs. In China, at least five Babesia species have been described in dogs or ticks. This study sought to determine the prevalence and...

    Authors: Wen-Ping Guo, Guang-Cheng Xie, Dan Li, Meng Su, Rui Jian and Luan-Ying Du

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:366

    Content type: Research

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