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  1. Content type: Research

    Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) can recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns and activate downstream signalling pathways, resulting in modulation of host immunity against pathogens. Here, we inves...

    Authors: Si Wang, Dandan Hu, Chaoyue Wang, Xinming Tang, Mengze Du, Xiaolong Gu, Jingxia Suo, Min Hu, Rui Fang, Xingquan Zhu, Xichen Zhang, Aifang Du, Xun Suo and Xianyong Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:182

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  2. Content type: Research

    Natural compounds from plants are known to provide a source of anthelmintic molecules. In previous studies, we have shown that plant extracts from the plant Picria fel-terrae Lour. and particular fractions thereo...

    Authors: Rasika Kumarasingha, Neil D. Young, Tiong-Chia Yeo, Diana S. L. Lim, Chu-Lee Tu, Enzo A. Palombo, Jillian M. Shaw, Robin B. Gasser and Peter R. Boag

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:181

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  3. Content type: Research

    Aedes albopictus (Skuse) is an important vector of chikungunya, dengue, yellow fever and Zika viruses. In the absence of anti-viral medication and with limited availability of a commercial vaccine for public heal...

    Authors: Xiaojie Zhou, Chan Yang, Nian Liu, Mei Li, Ying Tong, Xiaopeng Zeng and Xinghui Qiu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:180

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  4. Content type: Research

    Mosquito population dynamics are driven by large-scale (e.g. climatological) and small-scale (e.g. ecological) factors. While these factors are known to independently influence mosquito populations, it remains...

    Authors: Louie Krol, Erin E. Gorsich, Ellard R. Hunting, Danny Govender, Peter M. van Bodegom and Maarten Schrama

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:179

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  5. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    In a letter to the Editor, Harris considers the eight new species of Apicomplexa that were recently identified and named to be invalid on the basis that only molecular characters were provided in the species d...

    Authors: Telleasha L. Greay, Alireza Zahedi, Anna-Sheree Krige, Jadyn M. Owens, Robert L. Rees, Una M. Ryan, Charlotte L. Oskam and Peter J. Irwin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:178

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  6. Content type: Research

    In Lithuania, the first case of canine subcutaneous dirofilariosis was recorded in 2010. Since then, an increasing number of cases of canine dirofilariosis have been documented in different veterinary clinics ...

    Authors: Vytautas Sabūnas, Jana Radzijevskaja, Povilas Sakalauskas, Saulius Petkevičius, Birutė Karvelienė, Jolanta Žiliukienė, Indrė Lipatova and Algimantas Paulauskas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:177

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  7. Content type: Research

    Plasmodium vivax contains approximately 5400 coding genes, more than 40% of which code for hypothetical proteins that have not been functionally characterized. In a previous preliminary screening using pooled ser...

    Authors: Yang Cheng, Bo Wang, Feng Lu, Md Atique Ahmed, Jin-Hee Han, Sung Hun Na, Kwon-Soo Ha, Won Sun Park, Seok-Ho Hong and Eun-Taek Han

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:176

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  8. Content type: Research

    The zoonotic parasite Taenia saginata transmits between humans, the definitive host (causing taeniosis), and bovines as the intermediate host (causing cysticercosis). Central and western Asia and the Caucasus hav...

    Authors: Paul R. Torgerson, Aida M. Abdybekova, Gulnara Minbaeva, Zhanna Shapiyeva, Lian F. Thomas, Veronique Dermauw, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Sarah Gabriël, Pierre Dorny, Uffe Christian Braae, Anastasios Saratsis, Lucy J. Robertson and Branko Bobić

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:175

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  9. Content type: Research

    Vector control remains the most important tool to prevent malaria transmission. However, it is now severely constrained by the appearance of physiological and behavioral insecticide resistance. Therefore, the ...

    Authors: Serkadis Debalke, Tibebu Habtewold, Luc Duchateau and George K. Christophides

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:174

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  10. Content type: Research

    Schistosome parasites lay up to a thousand eggs per day inside the veins of their mammalian hosts. The immature eggs deposited by females against endothelia of venules will embryonate within days. Approximatel...

    Authors: Carolina De Marco Verissimo, Jeremy Potriquet, Hong You, Donald P. McManus, Jason Mulvenna and Malcolm K. Jones

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:173

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  11. Content type: Short report

    Blastocystis is a common protist that can infect domestic and wild animals worldwide. Yak (Bos grunniens), an ancient species which can survive in alpine regions, has supplied necessities to local residents in pl...

    Authors: Mei Ren, Jun-ke Song, Fan Yang, Min Zou, Pin-xue Wang, Dan Wang, Hui-jun Zhang, Guang-hui Zhao and Qing Lin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:171

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  12. Content type: Short report

    Mosquito-borne diseases affect millions worldwide, with malaria alone killing over 400 thousand people per year and affecting hundreds of millions. To date, the best strategy to prevent the disease remains ins...

    Authors: Mabel L. Taracena, Catherine M. Hunt, Mark Q. Benedict, Pamela M. Pennington and Ellen M. Dotson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:170

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  13. Content type: Research

    Ticks, as blood-feeding arthropod vectors, have evolved their own unique mechanism to suppress host immune responses and evade immune defenses in order to complete blood-feeding. The immunoregulatory effect of...

    Authors: Nana Wei, Zhibing Lin, Zhengmao Xu, Haiyan Gong, Houshuang Zhang, Yongzhi Zhou, Jie Cao, Guoqing Li and Jinlin Zhou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:169

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  14. Content type: Research

    Flea-borne spotted fever is a zoonosis caused by Rickettsia felis, a Gram-negative obligate intracellular bacterium. The disease has a worldwide distribution including western and eastern sub-Saharan Africa where...

    Authors: Lavel Chinyama Moonga, Kyoko Hayashida, Ryo Nakao, Malimba Lisulo, Chiho Kaneko, Ichiro Nakamura, Yuki Eshita, Aaron S. Mweene, Boniface Namangala, Chihiro Sugimoto and Junya Yamagishi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:168

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  15. Content type: Research

    Culex pipiens pallens is the most abundant Culex mosquito species in northern China and is an important vector of bancroftian filariasis and, potentially, West Nile virus. Insecticides, particularly pyrethroids, ...

    Authors: Hongmei Liu, Lihua Xie, Peng Cheng, Jiabao Xu, Xiaodan Huang, Haifang Wang, Xiao Song, Lijuan Liu, Huaiwei Wang, Jingxuan Kou, Guiyun Yan, Xiao-Guang Chen and Maoqing Gong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:167

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  16. Content type: Research

    Culicoides (Diptera; Ceratoponidae) are tiny, stout, blood-sucking flies with a near worldwide distribution. When present, they are often considered a biting nuisance but in addition, they are involved in the tra...

    Authors: Samuel Wanji, Dizzle Bita Tayong, Rene Ebai, Vera Opoku, Chi Anizette Kien, Winston Patrick Chounna Ndongmo, Abdel Jelil Njouendou, Raymond Nsaidzedze Ghani, Manuel Ritter, Yaw Alex Debrah, Laura E. Layland, Peter A. Enyong and Achim Hoerauf

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:166

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  17. Content type: Review

    Mosquito-borne diseases are associated with major global health burdens. Aedes spp. and Culex spp. are primarily responsible for the transmission of the most medically important mosquito-borne viruses, including ...

    Authors: Wai-Suet Lee, Julie A. Webster, Eugene T. Madzokere, Eloise B. Stephenson and Lara J. Herrero

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:165

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  18. Content type: Research

    Plasmodium ovale is widely distributed across tropical regions and has two closely related but distinct species, namely P. ovale curtisi and P. ovale wallikeri. Combining genetic characterization with the immunog...

    Authors: Xinxin Zhang, Ruilin Chu, Sui Xu, Haitian Fu, Jianxia Tang, Limei Chen, Xiaodan Shi, Jing Chen, Yuhong Li, Guoding Zhu, Eun-Taek Han, Yinghua Xuan, Jun Cao and Yang Cheng

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:164

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  19. Content type: Research

    The entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae is a candidate for the integrated management of the disease vector mosquito Aedes aegypti. Metarhizium anisopliae is pathogenic and virulent against Ae. aegypti ...

    Authors: Adriano R. Paula, Anderson Ribeiro, Francisco José Alves Lemos, Carlos P. Silva and Richard I. Samuels

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:163

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  20. Content type: Research

    Little is known regarding risk factors for lymphatic filariasis (LF) in Central Africa. To expand on what is known, we studied the epidemiology of LF in two endemic villages in the Democratic Republic of the C...

    Authors: Cédric B. Chesnais, Naomi-Pitchouna Awaca-Uvon, Johnny Vlaminck, Jean-Paul Tambwe, Gary J. Weil, Sébastien D. Pion and Michel Boussinesq

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:162

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  21. Content type: Research

    A cytogenetic analysis of the new local triploid population of the caryophyllidean tapeworm Atractolytocestus huronensis, a unique parthenogenetic species with the ability to colonise new regions, was performed t...

    Authors: Marta Špakulová, Marta Bombarová, Dana Miklisová, Stanislava Nechybová and Iva Langrová

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:161

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  22. Content type: Research

    The diagnosis of filariasis traditionally relies on the detection of circulating microfilariae (mf) using Giemsa-stained thick blood smears. This approach has several limitations. We developed a semi-automated...

    Authors: Achinya Phuakrod, Witsaroot Sripumkhai, Wutthinan Jeamsaksiri, Pattaraluck Pattamang, Ekachai Juntasaro, Therdthai Thienthong, Suporn Foongladda, Paul J. Brindley and Sirichit Wongkamchai

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:159

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  23. Content type: Short report

    Giardia spp. is a protozoan pathogen and is the most common enteric parasite of domestic animals and humans. Assays for detecting infection in fecal samples using direct or indirect examinations are important too...

    Authors: Paola Pepe, Davide Ianniello, Leucio Camara Alves, Maria Elena Morgoglione, Maria Paola Maurelli, Antonio Bosco, Giuseppe Cringoli and Laura Rinaldi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:158

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  24. Content type: Research

    Chagas disease (CD) is caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, and is transmitted by hematophagous insects of the family Reduviidae. Psammolestes arthuri is a sylvatic triatomine distributed in Colomb...

    Authors: Natalia Velásquez-Ortiz, Carolina Hernández, Giovanny Herrera, Lissa Cruz-Saavedra, Adriana Higuera, Luisa M. Arias-Giraldo, Plutarco Urbano, Andrés Cuervo, Aníbal Teherán and Juan David Ramírez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:157

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  25. Content type: Research

    Mosquito-borne pathogens contribute significantly to the global burden of disease, infecting millions of people each year. Mosquito feeding is critical to the transmission dynamics of pathogens, and thus it is...

    Authors: Eloise B. Stephenson, Amanda K. Murphy, Cassie C. Jansen, Alison J. Peel and Hamish McCallum

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:156

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  26. Content type: Research

    Toxoplasma gondii, a zoonotic protozoan parasite, infects mammals and birds worldwide. Infection in humans is often asymptomatic, though illnesses can occur in immunocompromised hosts and the fetuses of susceptib...

    Authors: Nicholas Bachand, André Ravel, Patrick Leighton, Craig Stephen, Momar Ndao, Ellen Avard and Emily Jenkins

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:155

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  27. Content type: Research

    In the last 50 years, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has experienced rapid population growth and urbanization. Urbanization is known to influence biodiversity, and there appears to be a link between the emerge...

    Authors: Jeremy V. Camp, Noushad Karuvantevida, Houda Chouhna, Ebtesam Safi, Junid N. Shah and Norbert Nowotny

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:153

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  28. Content type: Short report

    The tick midgut and salivary glands represent the primary organs for pathogen acquisition and transmission, respectively. Specifically, the midgut is the first organ to have contact with pathogens during the b...

    Authors: Emilie Lejal, Sara Moutailler, Ladislav Šimo, Muriel Vayssier-Taussat and Thomas Pollet

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:152

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  29. Content type: Research

    A number of reports have demonstrated the role of insect bacterial flora on their host’s physiology and metabolism. The tsetse host and vector of trypanosomes responsible for human sleeping sickness (human Afr...

    Authors: Jean Marc Tsagmo Ngoune, Julie Reveillaud, Guilhem Sempere, Flobert Njiokou, Trésor T. Melachio, Luc Abate, Majoline T. Tchioffo and Anne Geiger

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:151

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  30. Content type: Research

    Aedes albopictus, the Asian tiger mosquito, is an exotic invasive species in Europe. It has substantial public health relevance due to its potential role in transmitting several human pathogens. Out of the Europe...

    Authors: Mikel A. González, Márcio G. Pavan, Rosilainy S. Fernandes, Núria Busquets, Mariana R. David, Ricardo Lourenço-Oliveira, Ana L. García-Pérez and Rafael Maciel-de-Freitas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:150

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  31. Content type: Correction

    Following publication of the original article [1], the authors flagged that unfortunately an error had been introduced to the Conclusions section of the article’s Abstract, during production of the article.

    Authors: Stefanie Knopp, Shaali M. Ame, Jan Hattendorf, Said M. Ali, Iddi S. Khamis, Faki Bakar, Mwanaidi A. Khamis, Bobbie Person, Fatma Kabole and David Rollinson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:149

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    The original article was published in Parasites & Vectors 2018 11:552

  32. Content type: Research

    Sex separation of mosquitoes at different stages is currently being attempted to ensure the successful release of male mosquitoes in novel vector control approaches. Mechanical and behavioral techniques have b...

    Authors: Nayana Gunathilaka, Tharaka Ranathunge, Lahiru Udayanga, Asha Wijegunawardena, Jeremie Roger Lionel Gilles and Wimaladharma Abeyewickreme

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:148

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  33. Content type: Research

    West Nile virus (WNV) is a mosquito-borne virus that is mainly transmitted among birds by Culex pipiens mosquitoes. The species Cx. pipiens consists of two biotypes named pipiens and molestus, which together can ...

    Authors: Constantianus J. M. Koenraadt, Tim W. R. Möhlmann, Niels O. Verhulst, Jeroen Spitzen and Chantal B. F. Vogels

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:147

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  34. Content type: Research

    Although larviciding may be a valuable tool to supplement long-lasting insecticide nets (LLINs) in West Africa in different ecological settings, its actual impact on malaria burden and transmission has yet to ...

    Authors: Barnabas Zogo, Alphonsine A. Koffi, Ludovic P. Ahoua Alou, Florence Fournet, Amal Dahounto, Roch Kounbobr Dabiré, Lamine Baba-Moussa, Nicolas Moiroux and Cédric Pennetier

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:146

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  35. Content type: Short report

    Ixodes collaris Hornok, 2016 is a recently discovered tick species associated with bats in Asia. This study provides the description of the male and the larva, as well as high quality drawings of all stages.

    Authors: Sándor Hornok, Dávid Murányi, Jenő Kontschán and Vuong Tan Tu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:144

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  36. Content type: Research

    Hyalomma marginatum and Hyalomma rufipes are two-host tick species, which are mainly distributed in southern Europe, Africa and middle-eastern Asia. They are well-known vectors of Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever ...

    Authors: Lidia Chitimia-Dobler, Sabine Schaper, Ramona Rieß, Karin Bitterwolf, Dimitrios Frangoulidis, Malena Bestehorn, Andrea Springer, Rainer Oehme, Marco Drehmann, Alexander Lindau, Ute Mackenstedt, Christina Strube and Gerhard Dobler

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:134

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  37. Content type: Research

    Feline leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania infantum is considered a rare disease in endemic areas, whereas subclinical infections are common. Immune response plays a key role in driving the course of L. infantum i...

    Authors: Vito Priolo, Pamela Martínez-Orellana, Maria Grazia Pennisi, Marisa Masucci, David Prandi, Dorotea Ippolito, Federica Bruno, Germano Castelli and Laia Solano-Gallego

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:133

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  38. Content type: Research

    Rodents are important in the life-cycle of ticks as hosts for immature developmental stages. Both rodents and ticks are of public health interest as they are reservoirs and vectors for different tick-borne pat...

    Authors: Daniel Galfsky, Nina Król, Martin Pfeffer and Anna Obiegala

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:131

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  39. Content type: Research

    The aim of this study was to detect and molecularly identify Rickettsia spp. in Rhipicephalus sanguineus (sensu lato) collected from free-roaming dogs in 30 communities from five municipalities in the south of Co...

    Authors: Aldo I. Ortega-Morales, Erika Nava-Reyna, Verónica Ávila-Rodríguez, Vicente H. González-Álvarez, Antonio Castillo-Martínez, Quetzaly K. Siller-Rodríguez, Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz, Filipe Dantas-Torres and Consuelo Almazán

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:130

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  40. Content type: Research

    Canine babesiosis is a severe disease caused by several Babesia spp. A number of names have been proposed for the canine-infecting piroplasmid pathogen initially named Theileria annae Zahler, Rinder, Schein & Got...

    Authors: Gad Baneth, Luís Cardoso, Paula Brilhante-Simões and Leonhard Schnittger

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:129

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  41. Content type: Research

    Zoonotic leishmaniosis, caused by the protozoan Leishmania infantum, is a public and animal health problem in Asia, Central and South America, the Middle East and the Mediterranean Basin. Several phlebotomine san...

    Authors: André Pereira, José Manuel Cristóvão, Hugo Vilhena, Ângela Martins, Patrícia Cachola, Joaquim Henriques, Mónica Coimbra, Ana Catarino, Tereza Lestinova, Tatiana Spitzova, Petr Volf, Lenea Campino and Carla Maia

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:128

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  42. Content type: Short report

    Canine and feline leishmanioses are increasingly reported worldwide and represent a threat to both animal and human health. Despite their relevance, data about leishmanioses in companion animals in the east-ce...

    Authors: Clara Lima, Vito Colella, Maria Stefania Latrofa, Luís Cardoso, Domenico Otranto and Ana Margarida Alho

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:125

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  43. Content type: Short report

    Leishmania infection in cats is being increasingly reported in endemic areas. Nevertheless, only a few clinical cases have been described in cats, and even fewer have provided information on the response to treat...

    Authors: Emanuele Brianti, Nunziata Celi, Ettore Napoli, Jessica M. Abbate, Francesca Arfuso, Gabriella Gaglio, Roberta Iatta, Salvatore Giannetto, Marina Gramiccia and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:121

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  44. Content type: Research

    The invasive mosquito species, Aedes japonicus japonicus, was detected in northeastern Italy for the first time in 2015, at the border with Austria. After this finding, a more intensive monitoring was carried out...

    Authors: Fabrizio Montarsi, Simone Martini, Alice Michelutti, Graziana Da Rold, Matteo Mazzucato, Davide Qualizza, Domenico Di Gennaro, Marcella Di Fant, Marco Dal Pont, Manlio Palei and Gioia Capelli

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:120

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  45. Content type: Research

    Canine leishmaniosis (CanL) due to Leishmania infantum is characterized by the development of both cellular and humoral immune responses. The dysfunction of T cell-mediated immunity leads to a lack of proliferati...

    Authors: Pamela Martínez-Orellana, Cristina Maristany, Marta Baxarias, Alejandra Álvarez-Fernández, Antonella Baldassarre, Laura Ordeix and Laia Solano-Gallego

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:119

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  46. Content type: Research

    The engagement of companion animal owners into the process of collecting epidemiological data can be facilitated through smartphone applications. In April 2018, the “tekenscanner“ (Dutch for tick scanner) app ...

    Authors: Frans Jongejan, Suzanne de Jong, Timo Voskuilen, Louise van den Heuvel, Rick Bouman, Henk Heesen, Carlijn Ijzermans and Laura Berger

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:116

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