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  1. Dengue, chikungunya and Zika viruses (DENV, CHIKV and ZIKV) are transmitted in sylvatic transmission cycles between non-human primates and forest (sylvan) mosquitoes in Africa and Asia. It remains unclear if s...

    Authors: Matthew John Valentine, Brenda Ciraola, Matthew Thomas Aliota, Michel Vandenplas, Silvia Marchi, Bernard Tenebray, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart, Christa Ann Gallagher, Amy Beierschmitt, Tatiana Corey, Kerry McAuliffe Dore, Xavier de Lamballerie, Chengming Wang, Courtney Cuin Murdock and Patrick John Kelly

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:540

    Content type: Research

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  2. The use of molecular tools in the study of parasite taxonomy and systematics have become a substantial and crucial component of parasitology. Having genetic characterisation at the disposal of researchers has ...

    Authors: Quinton Marco Dos Santos and Annemariè Avenant-Oldewage

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:539

    Content type: Review

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  3. Taxonomic identification of triatomines is generally performed based on aspects of their external morphology. However, the use of a multidisciplinary approach, considering morphological aspects of the external...

    Authors: Simone Caldas Teves, Teresa Cristina Monte Gonçalves, Simone Patrícia Carneiro de Freitas, Catarina Macedo Lopes, Ana Laura Carbajal-de-la-Fuente and Jacenir Reis dos Santos-Mallet

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:538

    Content type: Short report

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  4. Parasitic infections are among the important causes of death of giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) that hamper their survival in the wild. There are about 35 species of parasites which have been identified in ...

    Authors: Chanjuan Yue, Zeshuai Deng, Dunwu Qi, Yunli Li, Wenlei Bi, Rui Ma, Guangyou Yang, Xue Luo, Rong Hou and Songrui Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:537

    Content type: Research

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  5. Identifying patterns and drivers of infection risk among host communities is crucial to elucidate disease dynamics and predict infectious disease risk in wildlife populations. Blood parasites of the genera Plasmo...

    Authors: Pooja Gupta, C. K. Vishnudas, V. V. Robin and Guha Dharmarajan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:536

    Content type: Research

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  6. Schistosomiasis japonica is an infectious disease caused by Schistosoma japonicum that seriously endangers human health. Domestic animals have important roles in disease transmission and goats are considered a pr...

    Authors: Qinghong Guo, Cheng Chen, Keke Zhou, Yugang Li, Laibao Tong, Yongcheng Yue, Kerou Zhou, Jinming Liu, Zhiqiang Fu, Jiaojiao Lin, Jiaxi Zhao, Pengxiang Sun and Yang Hong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:535

    Content type: Research

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  7. Taenia solium is a zoonotic parasite responsible for neurocysticercosis—a major cause of late-onset acquired epilepsy in humans. Lack of affordable, specific and sensitive diagnostic tools hampers control of the ...

    Authors: Mwemezi L. Kabululu, Maria V. Johansen, James E. D. Mlangwa, Ernatus M. Mkupasi, Uffe C. Braae, Chiara Trevisan, Angela Colston, Claudia Cordel, Marshall W. Lightowlers and Helena A. Ngowi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:534

    Content type: Research

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  8. The clinical signs of active trachoma are often present in the absence of ocular Chlamydia trachomatis infection, particularly following mass drug administration. Treatment decisions following impact surveys and ...

    Authors: Tamsyn R. Derrick, Natalia Sandetskaya, Harry Pickering, Andreas Kölsch, Athumani Ramadhani, Elias Mafuru, Patrick Massae, Aiweda Malisa, Tara Mtuy, Matthew J. Burton, Martin J. Holland and Dirk Kuhlmeier

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:533

    Content type: Research

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  9. The bacterial communities associated with mosquito eggs are an essential component of the mosquito microbiota, yet there are few studies characterizing and comparing the microbiota of mosquito eggs to other ho...

    Authors: Elijah O. Juma, Chang-Hyun Kim, Christopher Dunlap, Brian F. Allan and Chris M. Stone

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:532

    Content type: Research

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  10. Chemical mosquito control using malathion has been applied in Brazil since 1985. To obtain chemical control effectiveness, vector susceptibility insecticide monitoring is required. This study aimed to describe...

    Authors: Kauara Brito Campos, Ademir Jesus Martins, Cynara de Melo Rodovalho, Diogo Fernandes Bellinato, Luciana dos Santos Dias, Maria de Lourdes da Graça Macoris, Maria Teresa Macoris Andrighetti, José Bento Pereira Lima and Marcos Takashi Obara

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:531

    Content type: Research

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  11. Leishmania infantum is a vector-borne pathogen endemic in countries in the Mediterranean basin, including Italy. Dogs act as the primary reservoir for this parasite, but other animal species may also be infected....

    Authors: Alessia Libera Gazzonis, Filippo Bertero, Iolanda Moretta, Giulia Morganti, Michele Mortarino, Luca Villa, Sergio Aurelio Zanzani, Benedetto Morandi, Riccardo Rinnovati, Fabrizio Vitale, Maria Teresa Manfredi, Luis Cardoso and Fabrizia Veronesi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:530

    Content type: Research

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  12. Bovine besnoitiosis, an emerging disease in Europe that can be transmitted by vectors, is caused by the apicomplexan Besnoitia besnoiti. Bovine besnoitiosis is difficult to control due to the complexity of its di...

    Authors: Christelle Grisez, Leslie Bottari, Françoise Prévot, Jean-Pierre Alzieu, Emmanuel Liénard, Fabien Corbière, Marie Rameil, Xavier Desclaux, Christophe Lacz, Christian Boulon, Julie Petermann, Jeanne Le Mével, Carine Vilardell and Philippe Jacquiet

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:529

    Content type: Research

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  13. In this report we describe the molecular and pathological characteristics of West Nile virus (WNV) infection that occurred during the summer and fall of 2018 in avian species and equines. WNV is reported in Is...

    Authors: Gili Schvartz, Yigal Farnoushi, Asaf Berkowitz, Nir Edery, Shelly Hahn, Amir Steinman, Avishai Lublin and Oran Erster

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:528

    Content type: Research

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  14. Infection by nematodes is a problem for human health, livestock, and agriculture, as it causes deficits in host health, increases production costs, and incurs a reduced food supply. The control of these parasi...

    Authors: Sebastiao Rodrigo Ferreira, Alan Rodrigues T. Machado, Luís Fernando Furtado, Jose Hugo de S. Gomes, Raquel M. de Almeida, Thiago de Oliveira Mendes, Valentina N. Maciel, Fernando Sergio Barbosa, Lorendane M. Carvalho, Lilian Lacerda Bueno, Daniella Castanheira Bartholomeu, Jackson Victor de Araújo, Elida M. L. Rabelo, Rodrigo Maia de Pádua, Lucia Pinheiro Santos Pimenta and Ricardo Toshio Fujiwara

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:527

    Content type: Research

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  15. Climate change is predicted to impact the transmission dynamics of vector-borne diseases. Tsetse flies (Glossina) transmit species of Trypanosoma that cause human and animal African trypanosomiasis. A previous mo...

    Authors: Joshua Longbottom, Cyril Caminade, Harry S. Gibson, Daniel J. Weiss, Steve Torr and Jennifer S. Lord

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:526

    Content type: Research

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  16. Members of the Anopheles hyrcanus group have been incriminated as important malaria vectors. This study aims to identify the species and explore the insecticide susceptibility profile within the Anopheles hyrcanu...

    Authors: Anchana Sumarnrote, Hans J. Overgaard, Vincent Corbel, Kanutcharee Thanispong, Theeraphap Chareonviriyaphap and Sylvie Manguin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:525

    Content type: Research

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  17. Successful canine sarcoptic mange treatment requires immediate efficacy to eliminate active mites, and sustained activity to prevent re-infestation from in-contact animals and fomites. With extended acaricidal...

    Authors: Rafael Chiummo, Ivo Petersen, Claudia Plehn, Eva Zschiesche, Rainer Roepke and Emmanuel Thomas

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:524

    Content type: Research

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  18. Rickettsial diseases are considered important in public health due to their dispersal capacity determined by the particular characteristics of their reservoirs and/or vectors. Among the latter, fleas play an i...

    Authors: Lucila Moreno-Salas, Mario Espinoza-Carniglia, Nicol Lizama-Schmeisser, Luis Gonzalo Torres-Fuentes, María Carolina Silva-de La Fuente, Marcela Lareschi and Daniel González-Acuña

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:523

    Content type: Research

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  19. Anopheles multicolor is known to be present in the arid areas of Africa north of the Sahara Desert, especially in oases. To date, its presence in Mauritania has not been reported. Here, we present the first recor...

    Authors: Mohamed Aly Ould Lemrabott, Gilbert Le Goff, Pierre Kengne, Ousmane Ndiaye, Carlo Costantini, Khadijetou Mint Lekweiry, Mohamed Salem Ould Ahmedou Salem, Vincent Robert, Leonardo Basco, Frédéric Simard and Ali Ould Mohamed Salem Boukhary

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:522

    Content type: Research

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  20. Blastocystis is a protist that lives in the intestinal tract of a variety of hosts, including humans. It is still unclear how Blastocystis causes disease, which presents an ongoing challenge for researchers. Desp...

    Authors: Sergio Castañeda, Marina Muñoz, Ximena Villamizar, Paula C. Hernández, Luis Reinel Vásquez, Raúl Yhossef Tito and Juan David Ramírez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:521

    Content type: Research

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  21. Domesticated and wild swine play an important role as reservoir hosts of Trichinella spp. and a source of infection for humans. Little is known about the survival of Trichinella larvae in muscles and the duration...

    Authors: Edoardo Pozio, Giuseppe Merialdi, Elio Licata, Giacinto Della Casa, Massimo Fabiani, Marco Amati, Simona Cherchi, Mattia Ramini, Valerio Faeti, Maria Interisano, Alessandra Ludovisi, Gianluca Rugna, Gianluca Marucci, Daniele Tonanzi and Maria Angeles Gómez-Morales

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:520

    Content type: Research

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  22. Ivermectin-based preventive chemotherapy (PC) is distributed annually to all at-risk populations eligible for ivermectin treatment to control and/or eliminate onchocerciasis. Information on the impact of mass ...

    Authors: René Afor Aza’ah, Laurentine Sumo, Ngum Helen Ntonifor, Jean Bopda, Rolph H. Bamou and Hugues C. Nana-Djeunga

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:519

    Content type: Research

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  23. Nowadays, Ehrlichia canis receives increasing attention because of its great morbidity and mortality in animals. Dogs in the subclinical and chronic phases can be asymptomatic, and serological tests show cross-re...

    Authors: Carlos A. Rodríguez-Alarcón, Diana M. Beristain-Ruiz, Angélica Olivares-Muñoz, Andrés Quezada-Casasola, Federico Pérez-Casio, Jesús A. Álvarez-Martínez, Jane Tapia-Alanís, José J. Lira-Amaya, Ramón Rivera-Barreno, Orlando S. Cera-Hurtado, José A. Ibancovichi-Camarillo, Luis Soon-Gómez, Jaime R. Adame-Gallegos and Julio V. Figueroa-Millán

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:518

    Content type: Research

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  24. Accurate, scalable and sensitive diagnostic tools are crucial in determining prevalence of soil-transmitted helminths (STH), assessing infection intensities and monitoring treatment efficacy. However, assessme...

    Authors: Ladina Keller, Chandni Patel, Sophie Welsche, Tobias Schindler, Eveline Hürlimann and Jennifer Keiser

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:517

    Content type: Research

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  25. One of the promising current approaches to curb malaria lies in genetic vector control, the implementation of which will require an improved understanding of the movement of genetic constructs among mosquito p...

    Authors: Patric Stephane Epopa, Abdoul Azize Millogo, Catherine Matilda Collins, Ace R. North, Mark Quentin Benedict, Frederic Tripet, Samantha OʼLoughlin, Roch K. Dabiré, Georges Anicet Ouédraogo and Abdoulaye Diabaté

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:516

    Content type: Research

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  26. Strongyloidiasis caused by Strongyloides stercoralis is a soil-transmitted helminthiasis affecting an estimated 370 million people and considered one of the most neglected tropical diseases. Although mostly distr...

    Authors: Natalia Tiberti, Dora Buonfrate, Carmine Carbone, Geny Piro, Zeno Bisoffi and Chiara Piubelli

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:515

    Content type: Research

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  27. Culex pipiens pallens poses a serious threat to human health because of its widespread distribution, high carrier capacity for several arboviruses, frequent human-biting, and growth in urban environments. Pyrethr...

    Authors: Yang Xu, Xiaoshan Yang, Xiaohong Sun, Xixi Li, Zhihan Liu, Qi Yin, Lei Ma, Dan Zhou, Yan Sun, Bo Shen and Changliang Zhu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:514

    Content type: Research

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  28. The poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae (De Geer, 1778) is a major ectoparasite of poultry. Infestations are found in most laying hen farms in Europe, and breeder flocks have also been reported to be affected. ...

    Authors: Giulio Cocciolo, Elena Circella, Nicola Pugliese, Caterina Lupini, Giulia Mescolini, Elena Catelli, Monika Borchert-Stuhlträger, Hartmut Zoller, Emmanuel Thomas and Antonio Camarda

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:513

    Content type: Research

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  29. There has been considerable confusion concerning the number and classification of Sarcocystis spp. in chickens. Scarce nucleotide data of Sarcocystis spp. from chickens are provided in GenBank. The study aimed to...

    Authors: Jing Pan, Chunli Ma, Zhumei Huang, Yulong Ye, Hongxia Zeng, Shuangsheng Deng, Junjie Hu and Jianping Tao

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:512

    Content type: Research

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  30. Larval development in an intermediate host gastropod snail of the genus Biomphalaria is an obligatory component of the life-cycle of Schistosoma mansoni. Understanding of the mechanism(s) of host defense may hast...

    Authors: Fernanda Sales Coelho, Rutchanee Rodpai, André Miller, Shannon E. Karinshak, Victoria H. Mann, Omar dos Santos Carvalho, Roberta Lima Caldeira, Marina de Moraes Mourão, Paul J. Brindley and Wannaporn Ittiprasert

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:511

    Content type: Research

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  31. Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease affecting millions of people worldwide. Emerging drug resistance of Leishmania species poses threaten to the effective control and elimination programme of this negle...

    Authors: Zhiwan Zheng, Jianping Chen, Guangxu Ma, Abhay R. Satoskar and Jiao Li

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:510

    Content type: Research

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  32. Cyathostomins infect virtually all horses, and concomitant infections with 10 or more species per horse is standard. Species-specific knowledge is limited, despite potential species bias in development of dise...

    Authors: Jennifer L. Bellaw and Martin K. Nielsen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:509

    Content type: Research

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  33. Mayaro virus (Togaviridae) is an endemic arbovirus of the Americas with epidemiological similarities with the agents of other more prominent diseases such as dengue (Flaviviridae), Zika (Flaviviridae), and chikun...

    Authors: Bryan Steven Valencia-Marín, Irene Duarte Gandica and Oscar Alexander Aguirre-Obando

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:508

    Content type: Research

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  34. Release of gene-drive mutants to suppress Anopheles mosquito reproduction is a promising method of malaria control. However, many scientific, regulatory and ethical questions remain before transgenic mosquitoes c...

    Authors: Matthew P. Su, Marcos Georgiades, Judit Bagi, Kyros Kyrou, Andrea Crisanti and Joerg T. Albert

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:507

    Content type: Research

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  35. The family Hoplopleuridae contains at least 183 species of blood-sucking lice, which widely parasitize both mice and rats. Fragmented mitochondrial (mt) genomes have been reported in two rat lice (Hoplopleura kit...

    Authors: Yi-Tian Fu, Yu Nie, De-Yong Duan and Guo-Hua Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:506

    Content type: Short report

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  36. The main targets of the host’s immune system in Trichinella spiralis infection are the adult worms (AW), at the gut level, and the migrant or newborn larvae (NBL), at systemic and pulmonary levels. Most of the st...

    Authors: María Priscila Saracino, Cecilia Celeste Vila, Melina Cohen, María Virginia Gentilini, Guido Hernán Falduto, Marcela Adriana Calcagno, Estela Roux, Stella Maris Venturiello and Emilio Luis Malchiodi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:505

    Content type: Research

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  37. In the South of Kazakhstan, Almaty Oblastʼ (region) is endemic for tick-borne encephalitis, with 0.16–0.32 cases/100,000 population between 2016–2018. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence ...

    Authors: Karlygash Abdiyeva, Nurkeldi Turebekov, Ravilya Yegemberdiyeva, Andrey Dmitrovskiy, Lyazzat Yeraliyeva, Zhanna Shapiyeva, Talgat Nurmakhanov, Yerlan Sansyzbayev, Guenter Froeschl, Michael Hoelscher, Josua Zinner, Sandra Essbauer and Stefan Frey

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:504

    Content type: Research

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  38. Dirofilaria immitis is a life-threatening nematode spreading globally. Arsenical treatment is currently recommended for removal of adult worms. However, arsenical treatment is not available in some countries, and...

    Authors: Bruno Alberigi, Julio I. Fernandes, Jonimar P. Paiva, Flavya Mendes-de-Almeida, Fabiana Knackfuss, Alexandre Merlo and Norma Labarthe

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:503

    Content type: Research

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  39. Mozambique, same as many other tropical countries, is at high risk of arthropod-borne virus (arbovirus) diseases and recently two dengue virus (DENV) outbreaks occurred in the northern part of the country. The...

    Authors: Ana Paula Abílio, Ayubo Kampango, Eliseu J. Armando, Eduardo S. Gudo, Luís C. B. das Neves, Ricardo Parreira, Mohsin Sidat, José M. Fafetine and António Paulo G. de Almeida

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:350

    Content type: Short report

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  40. In South America, cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) and visceral leishmaniasis (VL) are emerging diseases, expanding in the border area of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay. Outbreaks of CL were reported since the 199...

    Authors: María Gabriela Quintana, María Soledad Santini, Regino Cavia, Mariela Florencia Martínez, Domingo Javier Liotta, María Soledad Fernández, Adriana Alicia Pérez, José Manuel Direni Mancini, Sofía Lorian Moya, Magalí Gabriela Giuliani and Oscar Daniel Salomón

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:502

    Content type: Research

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  41. Dirofilaria immitis is responsible for heartworm disease in dogs in endemic areas worldwide. Screening for this infection is done by blood tests. Antigen testing is the most sensitive method to detect an infectio...

    Authors: Viktor Szatmári, Martin Willem van Leeuwen, Christine Jantine Piek and Luigi Venco

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:501

    Content type: Short report

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  42. Species of the Tabanidae are potent vectors of human and animal diseases, but they have not been thoroughly investigated to date. In Senegal (West Africa), little information is available on these dipterans. O...

    Authors: Mohamed Lamine Keita, Hacène Medkour, Masse Sambou, Handi Dahmana and Oleg Mediannikov

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:500

    Content type: Research

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  43. Aedes aegypti is an efficient vector of several arboviruses of public health importance, including Zika and dengue. Currently vector management is the only available avenue for disease control. Development of eff...

    Authors: Harun N. Ngugi, Sindiso Nyathi, Amy Krystosik, Bryson Ndenga, Joel O. Mbakaya, Peter Aswani, Peter S. Musunzaji, Lucy W. Irungu, Donal Bisanzio, Uriel Kitron, A. Desiree LaBeaud and Francis Mutuku

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:499

    Content type: Research

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  44. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Denis B. Langenwalder, Sabine Schmidt, Cornelia Silaghi, Jasmin Skuballa, Nikola Pantchev, Ioana A. Matei, Andrei D. Mihalca, Urs Gilli, Joanna Zajkowska, Martin Ganter, Tove Hoffman, Erik Salaneck, Miroslav Petrovec and Friederike D. von Loewenich

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:497

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:238

  45. Fascioliasis caused by the trematodes Fasciola hepatica and F. gigantica, is a global neglected zoonotic disease estimated to cost the livestock industry over €2.5 billion annually. Farm management measures and s...

    Authors: Chelsea N. Davis, Fiona Tyson, David Cutress, Emma Davies, Dewi Llyr Jones, Peter M. Brophy, Alex Prescott, Michael T. Rose, Manod Williams, Hefin Wyn Williams and Rhys Aled Jones

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:496

    Content type: Research

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  46. Anaplasma marginale is an obligate intracellular bacterium and the main cause of bovine anaplasmosis in tropical and subtropical regions. In Egypt, data regarding the prevalence of A. marginale in ruminant hosts ...

    Authors: Amira AL-Hosary, Cristian Răileanu, Oliver Tauchmann, Susanne Fischer, Ard M. Nijhof and Cornelia Silaghi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:495

    Content type: Research

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  47. Nematodirus battus, unlike most other gastrointestinal nematodes, undergoes maturation to an infective larva within the egg. Historically, eggs were considered to require a period of chilling over winter followed...

    Authors: Lynsey A. Melville, Jan Van Dijk, Sian Mitchell, Giles Innocent and David J. Bartley

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:494

    Content type: Research

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  48. The relationship between environmentally transmitted tick parasites, Ixodes spp., and their main reproductive host, deer, is generally thought to be positive. However, measuring host abundance and density directl...

    Authors: Eleanor R Dickinson, Caroline Millins and Roman Biek

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:493

    Content type: Research

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  49. Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate parasite of all warm-blooded animals around the globe. Once infecting a cell, it manipulates the host’s DNA damage response that is yet to be elucidated. The objectives of the pre...

    Authors: Haohan Zhuang, Chaoqun Yao, Xianfeng Zhao, Xueqiu Chen, Yimin Yang, Siyang Huang, Lingtao Pan, Aifang Du and Yi Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:490

    Content type: Research

    Published on: