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  1. Urogenital schistosomiasis, caused by infection with Schistosoma haematobium, is endemic in Niger but complicated by the presence of Schistosoma bovis, Schistosoma curassoni and S. haematobium group hybrids along...

    Authors: Tom Pennance, Fiona Allan, Aidan Emery, Muriel Rabone, Jo Cable, Amadou Djirmay Garba, Amina Amadou Hamidou, Joanne P. Webster, David Rollinson and Bonnie L. Webster

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:268

    Content type: Research

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  2. Equine piroplasmosis is a highly endemic protozoan disease of horses worldwide, caused by Theileria equi and Babesia caballi. While most horses in endemic areas are subclinically infected, the mechanisms leading ...

    Authors: Sharon Tirosh-Levy, Amir Steinman, Hadas Levy, Yotam Katz, Margarita Shtilman and Yuval Gottlieb

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:267

    Content type: Short report

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  3. The sterile insect technique (SIT) is a vector control strategy relying on the mass release of sterile males into wild vector populations. Current sex separation techniques are not fully efficient and could le...

    Authors: Edwige Guissou, Serge Poda, Domombabele François de Sales Hien, Serge Rakiswende Yerbanga, Dari Frédéric Da, Anna Cohuet, Florence Fournet, Olivier Roux, Hamidou Maiga, Abdoulaye Diabaté, Jeremie Gilles, Jérémy Bouyer, Anicet G. Ouédraogo, Jean-Baptiste Rayaissé, Thierry Lefèvre and Kounbobr Roch Dabiré

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:266

    Content type: Research

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  4. Culicoides obsoletus is an abundant and widely distributed Holarctic biting midge species, involved in the transmission of bluetongue virus (BTV) and Schmallenberg virus (SBV) to wild and domestic ruminants. Fema...

    Authors: Antoine Mignotte, Claire Garros, Laetitia Gardès, Thomas Balenghien, Maxime Duhayon, Ignace Rakotoarivony, Laura Tabourin, Léa Poujol, Bruno Mathieu, Adolfo Ibañez-Justicia, Ahmet Deniz, Aleksandar Cvetkovikj, Bethan V. Purse, David W. Ramilo, Despoina Stougiou, Doreen Werner…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:265

    Content type: Research

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  5. Roraima, the northernmost State in Brazil, borders Venezuela and Guyana. Although mostly covered by the tropical forests, the urban centers of this state are highly infested with Ae. aegypti and are endemic for d...

    Authors: Ramão Luciano Nogueira Hayd, Luana Carrara, Joel de Melo Lima, Nathalia Coelho Vargas de Almeida, José Bento Pereira Lima and Ademir Jesus Martins

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:264

    Content type: Research

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  6. The 30-year-old armed conflict in Sri Lanka resulted in a general breakdown of civil administration in the Northern and Eastern provinces, leading to mobilisation of many armed forces personnel to assist with ...

    Authors: Nayana Gunathilaka, Saveen Semege, Nishantha Pathirana, Nuwani Manamperi, Lahiru Udayanga, Harshima Wijesinghe, Prasad Premaratne and Deepika Fernando

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:263

    Content type: Research

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  7. Identifying factors that sustain parasite transmission is important for understanding their spread and emergence, including how changes in biodiversity may affect parasite prevalence and spread. Toxoplasma gondii

    Authors: Tiziano Iemmi, Alice Vismarra, Carlo Mangia, Rolando Zanin, Marco Genchi, Paolo Lanfranchi, Laura Helen Kramer, Nicoletta Formenti and Nicola Ferrari

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:262

    Content type: Research

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  8. Equine theileriosis, a tick-transmitted disease caused by the hemoprotozoan parasites Theileria equi and Theileria haneyi, affects equids throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world. It is a signific...

    Authors: Richard P. Bishop, Lowell S. Kappmeyer, Cynthia K. Onzere, David O. Odongo, Naftaly Githaka, Kelly P. Sears, Donald P. Knowles and Lindsay M. Fry

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:261

    Content type: Review

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  9. Myocardial dysfunction is one of the most common complications of multiple organ failure in septic shock and significantly increases mortality in patients with sepsis. Although many studies having confirmed th...

    Authors: Shifang Gao, Huihui Li, Hong Xie, Shili Wu, Yuan Yuan, Liang Chu, Siying Sun, Huijuan Yang, Lingqin Wu, Yongsheng Bai, Qiao Zhou, Xin Wang, Bin Zhan, Hu Cui and Xiaodi Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:260

    Content type: Research

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  10. Application of the larvicide Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis (Bti) is a viable complementary strategy for malaria control. Efficacy of Bti is dose-dependent. There is a knowledge gap on the effects of lar...

    Authors: Steven Gowelo, James Chirombo, Jeroen Spitzen, Constantianus J. M. Koenraadt, Themba Mzilahowa, Henk van den Berg, Willem Takken and Robert McCann

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:259

    Content type: Research

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  11. Little information is available on the effect of ivermectin on the third- and fourth-stage larvae of Onchocerca volvulus. To assess a possible prophylactic effect of ivermectin on this parasite, we compared the e...

    Authors: Jérémy T. Campillo, Cédric B. Chesnais, Sébastien D. S. Pion, Jacques Gardon, Joseph Kamgno and Michel Boussinesq

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:258

    Content type: Research

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  12. Aedes aegypti (L.) is the main vector of dengue, yellow fever, Zika and chikungunya viruses. A new method for controlling this mosquito has been developed based on the possibility that wild adult mosquitoes expos...

    Authors: Paula V. Gonzalez and Laura Harburguer

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:257

    Content type: Research

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  13. Little is known about the epidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum infections in alpacas (Vicugna pacos) and llamas (Lama glama) outside South America. The study aimed to estimate the seroprevalence...

    Authors: Walter Basso, Elena Sollberger, Gereon Schares, Susanne Küker, Flurin Ardüser, Gaia Moore-Jones and Patrik Zanolari

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:256

    Content type: Research

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  14. Severe changes in temperature can affect the behavior and ecology of some infectious agents. Trypanosoma cruzi is a protozoan that causes Chagas disease. This parasite has high genetic variability and can be divi...

    Authors: Lissa Cruz-Saavedra, Marina Muñoz, Luz Helena Patiño, Gustavo A. Vallejo, Felipe Guhl and Juan David Ramírez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:255

    Content type: Research

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  15. Hepatic fibrosis caused by chronic infection with Schistosoma japonica remains a serious public health problem in the world. Symptoms include inflammation, liver granuloma and fibrosis, whilst treatment options a...

    Authors: Yuzheng Huang, Jin Lu, Yongliang Xu, Chunrong Xiong, Deshen Tong, Nannan Hu and Haitao Yang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:254

    Content type: Research

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  16. Despite the morphological characterization established in the 1950s and 1960s, the identity of extant taxa that make up Glossina fuscipes (s.l.) in the Congo remains questionable. Previous claims of overlap betwe...

    Authors: Abraham Mayoke, Shadrack M. Muya, Rosemary Bateta, Paul O. Mireji, Sylvance O. Okoth, Samuel G. Onyoyo, Joanna E. Auma and Johnson O. Ouma

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:253

    Content type: Research

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  17. Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas disease, and T. rangeli are kinetoplastid parasites endemic to Latin America. Although closely related to T. cruzi and capable of infecting humans, T. rangeli is n...

    Authors: Jalil Maiguashca Sánchez, Salem Oduro Beffi Sueto, Philipp Schwabl, Mario J. Grijalva, Martin S. Llewellyn and Jaime A. Costales

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:252

    Content type: Research

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  18. The morphological and molecular identification of mites is challenging due to the large number of species, the microscopic size of the organisms, diverse phenotypes of the same species, similar morphology of d...

    Authors: Yae Zhao, Wan-Yu Zhang, Rui-Ling Wang and Dong-Ling Niu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:251

    Content type: Research

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  19. Strongyloidiasis is a soil borne helminthiasis, which in most cases is caused by Strongyloides stercoralis. Human infections with S. fuelleborni fuelleborni and S. fuelleborni kellyi also occur. Although up to 37...

    Authors: Kittipat Aupalee, Adulsak Wijit, Kittikhun Singphai, Christian Rödelsperger, Siyu Zhou, Atiporn Saeung and Adrian Streit

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:250

    Content type: Research

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  20. Onchocerca fasciata is a prevalent filarial species in camelids of Asia and Africa forming nodules in the skin of dromedary and Bactrian camels. In spite of recent advances in the biology and epidemiology of this...

    Authors: Younes Ghahvei, Mohammad Mirzaei, Shadi Hashemnia, Mehdi Golchin, Reza Kheirandish, Shigehiko Uni, Jairo Alfonso Mendoza-Roldan, Domenico Otranto and Alireza Sazmand

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:249

    Content type: Research

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  21. Sparganosis caused by Spirometra erinaceieuropaei spargana is a zoonotic parasitic infection that has been reported in many countries, including China, Japan, Thailand and Korea, as well as European countries and...

    Authors: Wei Liu, Hailin Tang, Asmaa M. I. Abuzeid, Lei Tan, Aibing Wang, Xueping Wan, Haoji Zhang, Yisong Liu and Guoqing Li

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:248

    Content type: Research

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  22. Both incidence and geographical range of tick-borne disease has increased across the USA. Similar to people, dogs are hosts for Anaplasma spp., Babesia spp., Ehrlichia spp. and Borrelia burgdorferi. Dogs also sha...

    Authors: Kurayi Mahachi, Eric Kontowicz, Bryan Anderson, Angela J. Toepp, Adam Leal Lima, Mandy Larson, Geneva Wilson, Tara Grinnage-Pulley, Carolyne Bennett, Marie Ozanne, Michael Anderson, Hailie Fowler, Molly Parrish, Jill Saucier, Phyllis Tyrrell, Zachary Palmer…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:247

    Content type: Research

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  23. Leishmania donovani-induced and sand fly-transmitted leishmaniasis is a growing health problem in Sri Lanka. Limited knowledge on biological and behavioral characteristics of probable vector Phlebotomus argentipe...

    Authors: Dulani R. K. Pathirage, S. H. P. Parakrama Karunaratne, Sanath C. Senanayake and Nadira D. Karunaweera

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:246

    Content type: Research

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  24. The diagnosis of active Toxocara canis infections in humans is challenging. Larval stages of T. canis do not replicate in human tissues and disease may result from infection with a single T. canis larva. Recently...

    Authors: Francisco Morales-Yánez, Stanislav Trashin, Idalia Sariego, Clémentine Roucher, Linda Paredis, Martha Chico, Karolien De Wael, Serge Muyldermans, Philip Cooper and Katja Polman

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:245

    Content type: Research

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  25. Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease that affects countries in the developing world. In Sri Lanka, cutaneous leishmaniasis is the most common form of the disease. It is prevalent in dry and intermedia...

    Authors: Tharaka Wijerathna, Nayana Gunathilaka, Kithsiri Gunawardena and Wasana Rodrigo

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:244

    Content type: Research

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  26. Within the genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae), the subgenus Avaritia is of particular interest as it contains a significant number of economically important vector species. Disagreements about the system...

    Authors: Bruno Mathieu, Claire Garros, Thomas Balenghien, Ermanno Candolfi, Jean-Claude Delécolle and Catherine Cêtre-Sossah

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:243

    Content type: Research

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  27. Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic pathogen that causes toxoplasmosis and leads to serious public health problems in developing countries. However, current clinical therapeutic drugs have some disadvantages, such as...

    Authors: Shuxian Liu, Mimi Wu, Qianqian Hua, Daiqiang Lu, Yuan Tian, Helin Yu, Linyan Cheng, Yinqi Chen, Jiaxin Cao, Xin Hu and Feng Tan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:242

    Content type: Research

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  28. The development of insecticide resistance in disease-vectoring mosquito species can lead to vector control failure and disease resurgence. However, insecticide applications remain an essential public health in...

    Authors: Stephanie J. Mundis, Alden S. Estep, Christy M. Waits and Sadie J. Ryan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:241

    Content type: Research

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  29. Humans are the primary hosts of dengue viruses (DENV). However, sylvatic cycles of transmission can occur among non-human primates and human encroachment into forested regions can be a source of emergence of n...

    Authors: Paul Pickering, Leon E. Hugo, Gregor J. Devine, John G. Aaskov and Wenjun Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:240

    Content type: Short report

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  30. Millions of pyrethroid LLINs have been distributed in Mali during the past 20 years which, along with agricultural use, has increased the selection pressure on malaria vector populations. This study investigat...

    Authors: Arthur Sovi, Chitan Keita, Youssouf Sinaba, Abdourhamane Dicko, Ibrahim Traore, Moussa B. M. Cisse, Ousmane Koita, Dereje Dengela, Cecilia Flatley, Elie Bankineza, Jules Mihigo, Allison Belemvire, Jenny Carlson, Christen Fornadel and Richard M. Oxborough

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:239

    Content type: Research

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  31. Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a Gram-negative obligate intracellular bacterium that replicates in neutrophil granulocytes. It is transmitted by ticks of the Ixodes ricinus complex and causes febrile illness in hum...

    Authors: Denis B. Langenwalder, Sabine Schmidt, Cornelia Silaghi, Jasmin Skuballa, Nikola Pantchev, Ioana A. Matei, Andrei D. Mihalca, Urs Gilli, Joanna Zajkowska, Martin Ganter, Tove Hoffman, Erik Salaneck, Miroslav Petrovec and Friederike D. von Loewenich

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:238

    Content type: Research

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  32. During blood feeding, sand flies inoculate salivary proteins that interact with the host haemostatic system. The blocking of biogenic amines such as serotonin and histamine helps to limit vasodilatation and cl...

    Authors: Tatiana Spitzova, Petra Sumova, Vera Volfova, Nikola Polanska, Luisa Poctova and Petr Volf

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:237

    Content type: Research

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  33. The real burden of human cystic echinococcosis (CE) remains elusive, due to the peculiar characteristics of the disease and the heterogeneous and incomplete data recording of clinical cases. Furthermore, offic...

    Authors: Patrizia Rossi, Francesca Tamarozzi, Fabio Galati, Okan Akhan, Carmen Michaela Cretu, Kamenna Vutova, Mar Siles-Lucas, Enrico Brunetti and Adriano Casulli

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:236

    Content type: Research

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  34. Bartonella spp. are vector-borne pathogens transmitted to humans via blood-sucking arthropods. Rodents such as the black rat (Rattus rattus) and Norway rat (R. norvegicus) are thought to be the main reservoirs. A...

    Authors: Maria Krügel, Martin Pfeffer, Nina Król, Christian Imholt, Kristof Baert, Rainer G. Ulrich and Anna Obiegala

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:235

    Content type: Research

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  35. Taenia saginata is an important zoonotic parasite, causing taeniosis in humans and cysticercosis in bovines, the latter being a significant concern for the global beef industry. Many countries in East, Southeast ...

    Authors: Ramon M. Eichenberger, Lian F. Thomas, Sarah Gabriël, Branco Bobić, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Lucy J. Robertson, Anastasios Saratsis, Paul R. Torgerson, Uffe C. Braae, Veronique Dermauw and Pierre Dorny

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:234

    Content type: Review

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  36. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) and alveolar echinococcosis (AE) are life-threatening parasitic infections worldwide caused by Echinococcus granulosus (sensu lato) and E. multilocularis, respectively. Very little is k...

    Authors: Nayer Mehdizad Bakhtiar, Adel Spotin, Mahmoud Mahami-Oskouei, Ehsan Ahmadpour and Ali Rostami

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:232

    Content type: Review

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  37. Apicomplexan parasites of the genus Sarcocystis have an obligate two-host life-cycle and comprise about 200 species, which infect different cold- and warm-blooded hosts, including humans. Recently, morphological ...

    Authors: Ondřej Máca

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:231

    Content type: Short report

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  38. Faecal egg count (FEC) techniques are commonly used to detect gastrointestinal nematodes (GINs) in cattle and to determine anthelmintic efficacy/resistance through the faecal egg count reduction test (FECRT). ...

    Authors: Alessandra Amadesi, Antonio Bosco, Laura Rinaldi, Giuseppe Cringoli, Edwin Claerebout and Maria Paola Maurelli

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:230

    Content type: Short report

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  39. Knowledge of the relative abundance and biting rates of riverine blackflies (vectors of onchocerciasis) is essential as these entomological indices affect transmission of the disease. However, transmission pat...

    Authors: Kenneth Bentum Otabil, Samuel Fosu Gyasi, Esi Awuah, Daniels Obeng-Ofori, Seth Boateng Tenkorang, Justice Amenyo Kessie and Henk D. F. H. Schallig

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:229

    Content type: Research

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  40. Insect growth regulators (IGRs) are considered a novel group of insecticides to control mosquitoes. Novaluron is an IGR with benzoylphenyl urea insecticide, which inhibits chitin synthesis in insects and can r...

    Authors: Nayana Gunathilaka, Tharaka Ranathunga, Dakshina Hettiarachchi, Lahiru Udayanga and Wimaladharma Abeyewickreme

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:228

    Content type: Research

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  41. The safety and efficacy of a new spot-on formulation of selamectin plus sarolaner were evaluated for the treatment and control of natural flea infestations on cats in two non-randomised, multi-centre clinical ...

    Authors: Raj Packianathan, Melissa Pittorino, Andrew Hodge, Natalie Bruellke and Kelly Graham

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:227

    Content type: Research

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  42. Chagas disease is a parasitic infection transmitted by “kissing bugs” (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Triatominae) that has a huge economic impact in Latin American countries. The vector species with the upmost epidem...

    Authors: Anita G. Villacís, Jean-Pierre Dujardin, Francisco Panzera, César A. Yumiseva, Sebastián Pita, Soledad Santillán-Guayasamín, Marco I. Orozco, Katherine D. Mosquera and Mario J. Grijalva

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:226

    Content type: Research

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  43. Blood-feeding is a common strategy among parasitizing arthropods, including the ectoparasitic salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis), feeding off its salmon host’s skin and blood. Blood is rich in nutrients, amon...

    Authors: Erna Irene Heggland, Michael Dondrup, Frank Nilsen and Christiane Eichner

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:225

    Content type: Research

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  44. Insecticide resistance is a serious problem for vector control programmes worldwide. Resistance is commonly attributed to mutations at the insecticide’s target site or increased activity of detoxification enzy...

    Authors: Yamili Contreras-Perera, Gustavo Ponce-Garcia, Karina Villanueva-Segura, Beatriz Lopez-Monroy, Iram P. Rodríguez-Sanchez, Audrey Lenhart, Pablo Manrique-Saide and Adriana E. Flores

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:224

    Content type: Research

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  45. Toxoplasma gondii infection may pose a severe medical problem especially in a congenital form and as an acquired infection in immunocompromised persons. Raw and undercooked meat of slaughtered animals is regarded...

    Authors: Jacek Sroka, Jacek Karamon, Angelina Wójcik-Fatla, Weronika Piotrowska, Jacek Dutkiewicz, Ewa Bilska-Zając, Violetta Zając, Maciej Kochanowski, Joanna Dąbrowska and Tomasz Cencek

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:223

    Content type: Research

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  46. The African leopard Panthera pardus pardus (L.) is currently listed as a vulnerable species on the IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature) red list of threatened species due to ongoing populatio...

    Authors: Michelle van As, Edward C. Netherlands and Nico J. Smit

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:222

    Content type: Research

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  47. Lake Tanganyika is considered a biodiversity hotspot with exceptional species richness and level of endemism. Given the global importance of the lake in the field of evolutionary biology, the understudied stat...

    Authors: Nikol Kmentová, Rodney A. Bray, Stephan Koblmüller, Tom Artois, Els Lea R. De Keyzer, Milan Gelnar, Maarten P. M. Vanhove and Simona Georgieva

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:221

    Content type: Research

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  48. Wild carnivores living alongside humans and domestic animals are vulnerable to changes in the infectious disease dynamics in their populations. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence and diver...

    Authors: Storme Viljoen, M. Justin O’Riain, Barend L. Penzhorn, Marine Drouilly, Laurel E. K. Serieys, Bogdan Cristescu, Kristine J. Teichman and Jacqueline M. Bishop

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:220

    Content type: Research

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  49. Tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae) and tabanids (Diptera: Tabanidae) are haematophagous insects of medical and veterinary importance due to their respective role in the biological and mechanical transmission ...

    Authors: Fernando C. Mulandane, Louwtjie P. Snyman, Denise R. A. Brito, Jeremy Bouyer, José Fafetine, Jan Van Den Abbeele, Marinda Oosthuizen, Vincent Delespaux and Luis Neves

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:219

    Content type: Research

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