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  1. Trypanosoma evansi is the causative agent of surra, a disease that occurs in many animal species. The disease is responsible for substantial losses in global production and can be fatal if not diagnosed early. Th...

    Authors: Suheir Ereqat, Abdelmajeed Nasereddin, Amer Al-Jawabreh, Hanan Al-Jawabreh, Nahed Al-Laham and Ziad Abdeen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:21

    Content type: Research

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  2. MF6p/host defense molecules (HDMs) are a broad family of small proteins secreted by helminth parasites. Although the physiological role of MF6p/HDMs in trematode parasites is not fully understood, their potent...

    Authors: Jung-Mi Kang, Won Gi Yoo, Hương Giang Lê, Jinyoung Lee, Woon-Mok Sohn and Byoung-Kuk Na

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:20

    Content type: Research

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  3. Effective mosquito control approaches incorporate both adult and larval stages. For the latter, physical, biological, and chemical control have been used with varying results. Successful control of larvae has ...

    Authors: Michael J. Workman, Bruno Gomes, Ju-Lin Weng, Linnea K. Ista, Camila P. Jesus, Mariana R. David, Marcelo Ramalho-Ortigao, Fernando A. Genta, Scott K. Matthews, Ravi Durvasula and Ivy Hurwitz

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:19

    Content type: Research

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  4. The recent reference genome assembly and annotation of the Asian malaria vector Anopheles stephensi detected only one gene encoding the leucine-rich repeat immune factor APL1, while in the Anopheles gambiae and s...

    Authors: Christian Mitri, Emmanuel Bischoff, Karin Eiglmeier, Inge Holm, Constentin Dieme, Emma Brito-Fravallo, Abbasali Raz, Sedigheh Zakeri, Mahdokht I. K. Nejad, Navid D. Djadid, Kenneth D. Vernick and Michelle M. Riehle

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:18

    Content type: Research

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  5. The efficacy of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) in preventing malaria in Africa is threatened by insecticide resistance. Bioassays assessing 24-hour mortality post-LLIN exposure have established that re...

    Authors: Angela Hughes, Natalie Lissenden, Mafalda Viana, Kobié Hyacinthe Toé and Hilary Ranson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:17

    Content type: Research

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  6. Chromosomal inversion polymorphisms play a role in adaptation to heterogeneous environments. Inversion polymorphisms are implicated in the very high ecological flexibility of the three main malaria vector spec...

    Authors: Raquel Montanez-Gonzalez, Verena Pichler, Maria Calzetta, Rachel R. Love, Alexandra Vallera, Lydia Schaecher, Beniamino Caputo, Marco Pombi, Vincenzo Petrarca, Alessandra della Torre and Nora J. Besansky

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:16

    Content type: Research

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  7. Blastocystis is one of the most common intestinal parasites in humans and various animals worldwide. Few studies are available regarding the genetic characterization of Blastocystis infections in humans in China.

    Authors: Meng Qi, Zilin Wei, Ying Zhang, Qiyuan Zhang, Juanfeng Li, Longxian Zhang and Rongjun Wang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:15

    Content type: Research

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  8. Bulinus species are freshwater snails that transmit the parasitic trematode Schistosoma haematobium. Despite their importance, the diversity of these intermediate host snails and their evolutionary history is sti...

    Authors: Masceline Jenipher Mutsaka-Makuvaza, Xiao-Nong Zhou, Cremance Tshuma, Eniola Abe, Justen Manasa, Tawanda Manyangadze, Fiona Allan, Nyasha Chinómbe, Bonnie Webster and Nicholas Midzi

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:14

    Content type: Research

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  9. Urbanization is occurring rapidly on a global scale and is altering mosquito communities, creating assemblages that are characteristically less diverse. Despite high rates of urbanization and ample examples of...

    Authors: Meredith R. Spence Beaulieu, Jennifer L. Federico and Michael H. Reiskind

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:12

    Content type: Research

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  10. Dengue fever outbreaks tend to spread northward in China, and Jining is the northernmost region where local dengue fever cases have been detected. Therefore, it is important to investigate the density of Aedes al...

    Authors: Hongmei Liu, Luhong Liu, Peng Cheng, Linlin Yang, Junhu Chen, Yao Lu, Haifang Wang, Xiao-Guang Chen and Maoqing Gong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:11

    Content type: Research

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  11. Increasing molecular evidence supports that bats and/or their ectoparasites may harbor vector-borne bacteria, such as bartonellae and borreliae. However, the simultaneous occurrence of rickettsiae in bats and ...

    Authors: Shuo Zhao, Meihua Yang, Gang Liu, Sándor Hornok, Shanshan Zhao, Chunli Sang, Wenbo Tan and Yuanzhi Wang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:10

    Content type: Short report

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  12. Prostaglandins (PG) are lipid mediators derived from arachidonic acid metabolism. They are involved in cellular processes such as inflammation and tissue homeostasis. PG production is not restricted to multice...

    Authors: Eliza Vanessa Carneiro Alves-Ferreira, Tiago Rodrigues Ferreira, Pegine Walrad, Paul M. Kaye and Angela Kaysel Cruz

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:9

    Content type: Research

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  13. Within the Culex pipiens mosquito complex, there are six contemporarily recognized taxa: Cx. quinquefasciatus, Cx. pipiens f. pipiens, Cx. pipiens f. molestus, Cx. pipiens pallens, Cx. australicus and Cx. globoco...

    Authors: Matthew L. Aardema, Bridgett M. vonHoldt, Megan L. Fritz and Steven R. Davis

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:8

    Content type: Research

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  14. Knowledge about parasitic infections is crucial information for animal health, particularly of free-ranging species that might come into contact with livestock and humans.

    Authors: Anne Seltmann, Gereon Schares, Ortwin H. K. Aschenborn, Sonja K. Heinrich, Susanne Thalwitzer, Bettina Wachter and Gábor Á. Czirják

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:7

    Content type: Research

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  15. Japan is one of the few countries believed to have eliminated soil-transmitted helminths (STHs). In 1949, the national prevalence of Ascaris lumbricoides was 62.9%, which decreased to 0.6% in 1973 due to improvem...

    Authors: Mitsuko Hasegawa, Nils Pilotte, Mihoko Kikuchi, Arianna R. Means, Marina Papaiakovou, Andrew M. Gonzalez, Jacqueline R. M. A. Maasch, Hiroshi Ikuno, Toshihiko Sunahara, Kristjana H. Ásbjörnsdóttir, Judd L. Walson, Steven A. Williams and Shinjiro Hamano

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:6

    Content type: Research

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  16. Enterocytozoon bieneusi is a parasite that infects humans and a wide range of other animals. The large migratory waterfowl, the whooper swan (Cygnus cygnus), travels through many cities during its migration and c...

    Authors: Yuexin Wang, Kaihui Zhang, Yifan Zhang, Ke Wang, Azhar Gazizova, Luyang Wang, Letian Cao, Yajun Zhang, Jianying Huang, Yuan Cui, Yuxi Zhang and Longxian Zhang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:5

    Content type: Research

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  17. Members of the Anopheles gambiae complex breed in clean, sunlit temporary bodies of water. Anthropogenic pollution is, however, altering the breeding sites of the vectors with numerous biological effects. Althoug...

    Authors: Alexander C. S. N. Jeanrenaud, Basil D. Brooke and Shüné V. Oliver

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:4

    Content type: Research

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  18. Birds of the family Laridae have not been intensively examined for infections with Sarcocystis spp. To date, sarcocysts of two species, S. lari and S. wobeseri, have been identified in the muscles of gulls. The a...

    Authors: Petras Prakas, Dalius Butkauskas and Evelina Juozaitytė-Ngugu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:2

    Content type: Research

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  19. Ticks and tick-borne pathogens (TTBP) are a major constraint to livestock production in Pakistan; despite a high prevalence of TTBPs, knowledge on the capacity of Pakistani ticks to carry pathogens and endosym...

    Authors: Abdul Ghafar, Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz, Clemence Galon, Dasiel Obregon, Robin B. Gasser, Sara Moutailler and Abdul Jabbar

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:1

    Content type: Research

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  20. The growth and development of insects is strictly dependent on the precise regulation of chitin synthase (CHS), which is absent in vertebrates and plants. Therefore, CHS represents an attractive target for ins...

    Authors: Xiaoshan Yang, Qi Yin, Yang Xu, Xixi Li, Yan Sun, Lei Ma, Dan Zhou and Bo Shen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:614

    Content type: Research

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  21. Ticks are notorious blood-feeding arthropods that can spread a variety of deadly diseases. The salivary gland is an important organ for ticks to feed on blood, and this organ begins to develop rapidly when ixo...

    Authors: Shuguang Ren, Baowen Zhang, Xiaomin Xue, Xiaoshuang Wang, Huaqu Zhao, Xiaoli Zhang, Minjing Wang, Qi Xiao, Hui Wang and Jingze Liu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:613

    Content type: Research

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  22. The current study shows the results of three years of IRS entomological monitoring (2016, before intervention; 2017 and 2018, after intervention) performed in Alibori and Donga, northern Benin.

    Authors: Albert Sourou Salako, Fortune Dagnon, Arthur Sovi, Gil Germain Padonou, Rock Aïkpon, Idelphonse Ahogni, Thomas Syme, Renaud Govoétchan, Herman Sagbohan, André Aimé Sominahouin, Bruno Akinro, Laurent Iyikirenga, Fiacre Agossa and Martin Codjo Akogbeto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:612

    Content type: Research

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  23. Schistosomiasis is a prevalent parasitic disease worldwide. The main pathological changes of hepatosplenic schistosomiasis are hepatic granuloma and fibrosis due to worm eggs. Portal hypertension and ascites i...

    Authors: Qianglin Chen, Jianqiang Zhang, Ting Zheng, Hui Chen, Hao Nie, Bing Zheng and Quan Gong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:611

    Content type: Review

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  24. With a global population of about 35 million in 47 countries, dromedary camels play a crucial role in the economy of many marginal, desert areas of the world where they survive under harsh conditions. Nonethel...

    Authors: Alireza Sazmand, Anja Joachim and Domenico Otranto

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:610

    Content type: Review

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  25. The Smad proteins function in TGF-β signalling transduction. In the model nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, the co-Smad, DAF-3 mediates R-Smads and performs a central role in DAF-7 signal transduction, regulating ...

    Authors: Wenda Di, Lu Liu, Ting Zhang, Fangfang Li, Li He, Chunqun Wang, Awais Ali Ahmad, Mubashar Hassan, Rui Fang and Min Hu

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:609

    Content type: Research

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  26. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) in humans and livestock is caused by Echinococcus granulosus (sensu lato). In China where CE is endemic, a number of studies have shown that Echinococcus granulosus (sensu stricto) is m...

    Authors: John Asekhaen Ohiolei, Chen-Yang Xia, Li Li, Jian-Zhi Liu, Wen-Qiang Tang, Yan-Tao Wu, Danqulamu, Guo-Qiang Zhu, Bin Shi, Bao-Quan Fu, Hong Yin, Hong-Bin Yan and Wan-Zhong Jia

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:608

    Content type: Research

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  27. A key component of schistosomiasis control is mass drug administration with praziquantel. While control interventions have been successful in several endemic regions, mass drug administration has been less eff...

    Authors: Christina L. Faust, Marco Crotti, Arinaitwe Moses, David Oguttu, Aidah Wamboko, Moses Adriko, Elizabeth K. Adekanle, Narcis Kabatereine, Edridah M. Tukahebwa, Alice J. Norton, Charlotte M. Gower, Joanne P. Webster and Poppy H. L. Lamberton

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:607

    Content type: Research

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  28. Canids are definitive hosts of Echinococcus multilocularis and Echinococcus granulosus. This study aimed to survey these two Echinococcus species in canids of North-Khorasan Province, northeastern Iran, using mor...

    Authors: Zahra Heidari, Mitra Sharbatkhori, Iraj Mobedi, Seyed Hossein Mirhendi, Bahram Nikmanesh, Meysam Sharifdini, Mehdi Mohebali, Zabihollah Zarei, Kourosh Arzamani and Eshrat Beigom Kia

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:606

    Content type: Research

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  29. Parasites may actively seek for hosts and may use a number of adaptive strategies to promote their reproductive success and host colonization. These strategies will necessarily influence their host specificity...

    Authors: Attila D. Sándor, Alexandra Corduneanu, Áron Péter, Andrei Daniel Mihalca, Levente Barti, István Csősz, Krisztina Szőke and Sándor Hornok

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:605

    Content type: Research

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  30. The identification of Trypanosoma cruzi and blood-meal sources in synanthropic triatomines is important to assess the potential risk of Chagas disease transmission. We identified T. cruzi infection and blood-meal...

    Authors: Gilmar Ribeiro Jr., Carlos G. S. dos Santos, Fernanda Lanza, Jamylle Reis, Fernanda Vaccarezza, Camila Diniz, Diego Lopes Paim Miranda, Renato Freitas de Araújo, Gabriel Muricy Cunha, Cristiane Medeiros Moraes de Carvalho, Eduardo Oyama Lins Fonseca, Roberto Fonseca dos Santos, Orlando Marcos Farias de Sousa, Renato Barbosa Reis, Wildo Navegantes de Araújo, Rodrigo Gurgel-Gonçalves…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:604

    Content type: Research

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  31. Mutation of the voltage-gated sodium channel (VGSC) gene, or knockdown resistance (kdr) gene, is an important resistance mechanism against DDT and pyrethroids for dengue vector Aedes albopictus. A phenylalanine t...

    Authors: Cai-Ying Zhu, Chun-Chun Zhao, Yi-Guan Wang, De-Ling Ma, Xiu-Ping Song, Jun Wang and Feng-Xia Meng

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:603

    Content type: Methodology

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  32. In Brazil, Triatoma maculata is only found in the State of Roraima and is a vector of Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiological agent of Chagas disease. It occurs in wild, peridomestic and domestic habitats, with an urb...

    Authors: Josiane Nogueira Müller, Teresa Cristina Monte Gonçalves, Alice Helena Ricardo-Silva, Amanda Coutinho Souza, Francisco Maciel Santos, Rosangela Santos, Nathalia Coelho Vargas, Catarina Macedo Lopes and Ana Laura Carbajal-de-la-Fuente

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:602

    Content type: Short report

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  33. The in vitro activity against Leishmania spp. of a novel group of compounds, phenalenone derivatives, is described in this study. Previous studies have shown that some phenalenones present leishmanicidal activity...

    Authors: Atteneri López-Arencibia, María Reyes-Batlle, Mónica B. Freijo, Ines Sifaoui, Carlos J. Bethencourt-Estrella, Aitor Rizo-Liendo, Olfa Chiboub, Grant McNaughton-Smith, Jacob Lorenzo-Morales, Teresa Abad-Grillo and José E. Piñero

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:601

    Content type: Research

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  34. The chemotherapeutic arsenal available to treat visceral leishmaniasis is currently limited, in view of many drawbacks such as high cost, toxicity or emerging resistance. New therapeutic strategies are particu...

    Authors: Hélène Guegan, Kevin Ory, Sorya Belaz, Aurélien Jan, Sarah Dion, Laurent Legentil, Christelle Manuel, Loïc Lemiègre, Thomas Vives, Vincent Ferrières, Jean-Pierre Gangneux and Florence Robert-Gangneux

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:600

    Content type: Research

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  35. Anaplasma phagocytophilum is the agent of tick-borne fever, equine, canine and human granulocytic anaplasmosis. The common route of A. phagocytophilum transmission is through a tick bite, the main vector in Europ...

    Authors: Ioana A. Matei, Agustín Estrada-Peña, Sally J. Cutler, Muriel Vayssier-Taussat, Lucía Varela-Castro, Aleksandar Potkonjak, Herve Zeller and Andrei D. Mihalca

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:599

    Content type: Review

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  36. Camel trypanosomiasis or surra is of great concern in Somalia, since the country possesses the largest one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius) population in the world. Civil war in Somalia has resulted in the dest...

    Authors: Ahmed A. Hassan-Kadle, Abdalla M. Ibrahim, Hamisi S. Nyingilili, Abdulkarim A. Yusuf, Thállitha S. W. J. Vieira and Rafael F. C. Vieira

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:598

    Content type: Research

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  37. In recent years, the Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus has emerged as a species of major medical concern following its global expansion and involvement in many arbovirus outbreaks. On Réunion Island, Ae. albo...

    Authors: Anne C. Latreille, Pascal Milesi, Hélène Magalon, Patrick Mavingui and Célestine M. Atyame

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:597

    Content type: Research

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  38. Although more modern methods are available, quantitative PCR (qPCR) is reproducible, sensitive and specific with instruments and expertise readily available in many laboratories. As such, the use of qPCR in Crypt...

    Authors: Ian D. Woolsey, Berit Blomstrand, Øivind Øines and Heidi L. Enemark

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:596

    Content type: Methodology

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  39. A variety of tick species infest dogs and cats in North America. Although most of these species also readily feed on people, national data regarding the species and abundance of ticks on dogs and cats are lack...

    Authors: Meriam N. Saleh, Kellee D. Sundstrom, Kathryn T. Duncan, Michelle M. Ientile, Julia Jordy, Parna Ghosh and Susan E. Little

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:595

    Content type: Research

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  40. Malaria parasites form intracellular membranes that separate the parasite from the internal space of erythrocytes, and membrane proteins from the parasites are exported to the host via the membrane. In our previo...

    Authors: Seong-Kyun Lee, Jin-Hee Han, Ji-Hoon Park, Kwon-Soo Ha, Won Sun Park, Seok-Ho Hong, Sunghun Na, Yang Cheng and Eun-Taek Han

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:594

    Content type: Research

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  41. Kinesin-related gene diversity among strains and species of Leishmania may impact the sensitivity and specificity of serodiagnostic tests for visceral leishmaniasis (VL).

    Authors: Zahra Rezaei, Nick Van Reet, Gholamreza Pouladfar, Vera Kühne, Amin Ramezani, Bahador Sarkari, Bahman Pourabbas and Philippe Büscher

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:593

    Content type: Research

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  42. Eimeria tenella is a highly pathogenic coccidian that causes avian coccidiosis. Both nitromezuril (NZL) and ethanamizuril (EZL) are novel triazine compounds with high anticoccidial activity, but the mechanisms of...

    Authors: Xue-Yan Li, Li-Li Liu, Min Zhang, Li-Fang Zhang, Xiao-Yang Wang, Mi Wang, Ke-Yu Zhang, Ying-Chun Liu, Chun-Mei Wang, Fei-Qun Xue and Chen-Zhong Fei

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:592

    Content type: Research

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  43. Zoonotic taeniid cestodes are amongst the most important food-borne parasites affecting human health worldwide. Contamination of fresh produce with the eggs of Echinococcus granulosus (s.l.), Echinococcus multilo...

    Authors: Caroline F. Frey, Jenna R. Oakley, Vladislav A. Lobanov, Nelson Marreros, Janna M. Schurer and Laura F. Lalonde

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:590

    Content type: Methodology

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  44. Mating swarm segregation in closely related insect species may contribute to reproductive isolation. Visual markers are used for swarm formation; however, it is unknown whether they play a key role in swarm lo...

    Authors: Serge B. Poda, Charles Nignan, Olivier Gnankiné, Roch K. Dabiré, Abdoulaye Diabaté and Olivier Roux

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:589

    Content type: Research

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  45. Foodborne toxoplasmosis in humans can be due to the exposure to tissue cysts of Toxoplasma gondii through the consumption of meat, including pork, of infected animals. Traditional Romanian food habits include por...

    Authors: Anamaria Ioana Paştiu, Anamaria Cozma-Petruț, Aurélien Mercier, Anamaria Balea, Lokman Galal, Viorica Mircean, Dana Liana Pusta, Liviu Bogdan and Adriana Györke

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:586

    Content type: Research

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  46. Triatoma rubrofasciata is the only kissing bug species distributed globally. In the Americas, this species transmits the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, responsible for Chagas disease. The presence of T. rubrofasciat...

    Authors: Ho Viet Hieu, Le Thanh Do, Sebastián Pita, Hoang Ha, Pham Thi Khoa, Pham Anh Tuan, Ta Phuong Mai, Ngo Giang Lien and Francisco Panzera

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:585

    Content type: Research

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  47. Blood meal host selection by mosquito vectors is an important component in understanding disease dynamics of pathogens that threaten endemic fauna in isolated islands such as Galápagos. Research on the feeding...

    Authors: Samoa Asigau, Sawsan Salah and Patricia G. Parker

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:584

    Content type: Research

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