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  1. Preventive chemotherapy delivered via mass drug administration (MDA) is essential for the control of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), including lymphatic filariasis (LF), schistosomiasis and onchocerciasis....

    Authors: Efundem Agboraw, Fred Sosu, Laura Dean, Alice Siakeh, Rachael Thomson, Karsor Kollie and Eve Worrall
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:557
  2. Pentavalent antimonial-based chemotherapy is the first-line approach for leishmaniasis treatment and disease control. Nevertheless antimony-resistant parasites have been reported in some endemic regions. Treat...

    Authors: Luiza O. R. Pereira, Cíntia S. Sousa, Hellen C. P. Ramos, Eduardo C. Torres-Santos, Liliane S. Pinheiro, Marcelo R. Alves, Patricia Cuervo, Gustavo A. Sierra Romero, Mariana C. Boité, Renato Porrozzi and Elisa Cupolillo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:556
  3. Nematodes are presumably the most abundant Metazoa on Earth, and can even be found in some of the most hostile environments of our planet. Various types of hypobiosis evolved to adapt their life cycles to such...

    Authors: Lieke E. Vlaar, Andre Bertran, Mehran Rahimi, Lemeng Dong, Jan E. Kammenga, Johannes Helder, Aska Goverse and Harro J. Bouwmeester
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:554
  4. Triatoma sordida is one of the main Chagas disease vectors in Brazil. In addition to Brazil, this species has already been reported in Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay. It is hypothesized that the insect...

    Authors: Fernanda Fernandez Madeira, Luiza Maria Grzyb Delgado, Isadora de Freitas Bittinelli, Jader de Oliveira, Amanda Ravazi, Yago Visinho dos Reis, Ana Beatriz Bortolozo de Oliveira, Daniel Cesaretto Cristal, Cleber Galvão, Maria Tercília Vilela de Azeredo-Oliveira, João Aristeu da Rosa and Kaio Cesar Chaboli Alevi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:553
  5. Understanding the ecology and behaviour of disease vectors, including the olfactory cues used to orient and select hosts and egg-laying sites, are essential for the development of novel, insecticide-free contr...

    Authors: Getachew E. Bokore, Linus Svenberg, Richard Tamre, Patrick Onyango, Tullu Bukhari, Åsa Emmer and Ulrike Fillinger
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:552
  6. Schistosomiasis is a debilitating and neglected tropical disease for which praziquantel (PZQ) remains the first-choice drug for treatment and control of the disease. In our previous studies, we found that the ...

    Authors: Zi-Yin Yang, Zi-Hao Liu, Ya-Nan Zhang, Chen Li, Lei Liu, Wen-Jie Pu, Shi-Qi Xie, Jing Xu and Chao-Ming Xia
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:550
  7. Radical cure of the Plasmodium vivax latent liver stage is required to effectively manage vivax malaria. Targeted mass treatment with primaquine may be an effective mechanism for reducing reservoirs of the diseas...

    Authors: Pyae Linn Aung, Myat Thu Soe, Than Naing Soe, Thit Lwin Oo, Poh Poh Aung, Aung Khin, Aung Thi, Suparat Phuanukoonnon, Kamolnetr Okanurak, Liwang Cui, Myat Phone Kyaw and Daniel M. Parker
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:549
  8. Schistosomiasis japonica is a serious zoonotic parasitic disease. Preliminary studies have shown that the expression of microRNA-181a (miR-181a) in the liver, lung and spleen tissues of susceptible host BALB/c...

    Authors: Yixiao Tang, Yuanxi Shen, Yang Hong, Zuhang Zhang, Qi Zhai, Zhiqiang Fu, Hao Li, Ke Lu and Jiaojiao Lin
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:548
  9. Estimates of the geographical distribution of Culex mosquitoes in the Americas have been limited to state and provincial levels in the United States and Canada and based on data from the 1980s. Since these estima...

    Authors: Morgan E. Gorris, Andrew W. Bartlow, Seth D. Temple, Daniel Romero-Alvarez, Deborah P. Shutt, Jeanne M. Fair, Kimberly A. Kaufeld, Sara Y. Del Valle and Carrie A. Manore
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:547
  10. Despite high black fly densities in persisting onchocerciasis foci in Cameroon, no vector control has ever been carried out to complement Community-Directed Treatment with Ivermectin (CDTI). As a prelude to co...

    Authors: André Domche, Hugues C. Nana-Djeunga, Linda Djune Yemeli, Cédric Lenou Nanga, Michel Boussinesq, Flobert Njiokou, Sébastien Pion and Joseph Kamgno
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:546
  11. Malaria and visceral leishmaniasis (VL) co-infection can occur due to the overlapping geographical distributions of these diseases; however, only limited data of this co-infection have been reported and review...

    Authors: Polrat Wilairatana, Wetpisit Chanmol, Pongruj Rattaprasert, Frederick Ramirez Masangkay, Giovanni De Jesus Milanez, Kwuntida Uthaisar Kotepui and Manas Kotepui
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:545
  12. A field survey was performed to investigate local environmental factors promoting occurrence and abundance of Aedes aegypti and Ae. bromeliae mosquitoes at hotel compounds in the south-east coastal region of Zanz...

    Authors: Ayubo Kampango, Peter Furu, Divakara L. Sarath, Khamis A. Haji, Flemming Konradsen, Karin L. Schiøler, Michael Alifrangis, Fatma Saleh and Christopher W. Weldon
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:544
  13. Chagas disease remains a significant public health problem in Latin America. There are only two chemotherapy drugs, nifurtimox and benznidazole, and both may have severe side effects. After complete chemothera...

    Authors: Niamh Murphy, M. Victoria Cardinal, Tapan Bhattacharyya, Gustavo F. Enriquez, Natalia P. Macchiaverna, Alejandra Alvedro, Héctor Freilij, Pablo Martinez de Salazar, Israel Molina, Pascal Mertens, Quentin Gilleman, Ricardo E. Gürtler and Michael A. Miles
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:543
  14. The tick Dermacentor silvarum Olenev (Acari: Ixodidae) is a vital vector tick species mainly distributed in the north of China and overwinters in the unfed adult stage. The knowledge of the mechanism that underli...

    Authors: Desmond O. Agwunobi, Tongxuan Wang, Meng Zhang, Tianhong Wang, Qingying Jia, Miao Zhang, Xinyue Shi, Zhijun Yu and Jingze Liu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:542
  15. The ixodid tick genera Rhipicephalus and Haemaphysalis contain several species of medical and/or veterinary importance, but their diversity in some regions of the world remains under-explored. For instance, very ...

    Authors: Samia Q. Alghamdi, Van Lun Low, Hadil A. Alkathiry, Abdulaziz N. Alagaili, John W. McGarry and Benjamin L. Makepeace
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:541
  16. Scrub typhus is an important neglected vector-borne zoonotic disease across the Asia–Pacific region, with an expanding known distribution. The disease ecology is poorly understood, despite the large global bur...

    Authors: Ivo Elliott, Neeranuch Thangnimitchok, Kittipong Chaisiri, Tri Wangrangsimakul, Piangnet Jaiboon, Nicholas P. J. Day, Daniel H. Paris, Paul N. Newton and Serge Morand
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:540
  17. Malaria control relies mainlyon insecticide-based tools. However, the effectiveness of these tools is threatened by widespread insecticide resistance in malaria vectors, highlighting the need for alternative c...

    Authors: Claudine Grâce Tatsinkou Maffo, Maurice Marcel Sandeu, Amen Nakebang Fadel, Magellan Tchouakui, Daniel Nguiffo Nguete, Benjamin Menze, Michael O. Kusimo, Flobert Njiokou, Grant L. Hughes and Charles S. Wondji
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:539
  18. Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) has been reported in recent years in South Khorasan Province, a desert region of eastern Iran, where the main species is Leishmania tropica. Little is known of the influence of geogra...

    Authors: Mehdi Karamian, Mohammad Amin Ghatee, Majid Shayesteh, Walter Robert Taylor, Saeed Mohebi-Nejad, Ghasem Taheri and Mohammad Reza Jamavar
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:538
  19. Necator americanus is one of the major etiological agents of human ancylostomiasis. Historically, the epidemiology of ancylostomiasis in Henan Province of central China and the molecular characteristics of N. ame...

    Authors: Fang Fang Xu, Yu Fei Niu, Wen Qing Chen, Sha Sha Liu, Jing Ru Li, Peng Jiang, Zhong Quan Wang, Jing Cui and Xi Zhang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:537
  20. Two populations of Dermacentor reticulatus ticks (Western and Eastern) in Poland are among the most dynamic tick populations in Central Europe. Expansion and settlement of ticks in new localizations depend on the...

    Authors: Dorota Dwużnik-Szarek, Ewa Julia Mierzejewska and Anna Bajer
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:536
  21. Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a clinically serious zoonosis caused by the fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis. We studied the diversity and the distribution of genotypes of E. multilocularis isolated from...

    Authors: Mandy Herzig, Pavlo Maksimov, Christoph Staubach, Thomas Romig, Jenny Knapp, Bruno Gottstein and Franz J. Conraths
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:535
  22. Aedes koreicus is a mosquito species characterized by marked anthropophilic behavior, and a potential vector of nematodes and viruses. It is native to East Asia, but its presence has recently been reported in man...

    Authors: Agata Negri, Irene Arnoldi, Matteo Brilli, Claudio Bandi, Paolo Gabrieli and Sara Epis
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:534
  23. The roundworm Ascaris suum is one of the parasites with the greatest economic impact on pig farming. In this context, lower weight gain is hypothesized to be due to decreased nutrient absorption. This study aims ...

    Authors: Sarina Koehler, Andrea Springer, Nicole Issel, Stefanie Klinger, Christina Strube and Gerhard Breves
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:533
  24. The diseases for which Aedes aegypti is a vector are worrisome. The high vector competence of this mosquito, as well as its anthropophilia and ability to adapt to the urban environment, allows it to exploit many ...

    Authors: Ana Paula Miranda Mundim-Pombo, Hianka Jasmyne Costa de Carvalho, Rafaela Rodrigues Ribeiro, Marisol León, Durvanei Augusto Maria and Maria Angélica Miglino
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:531
  25. Bartonella spp. are emerging pathogens transmitted by arthropod vectors, possibly including ticks. We have investigated signs of bartonellosis in Swedish patients with presumed tick-bite exposure and symptom dura...

    Authors: Marie Edvinsson, Camilla Norlander, Kenneth Nilsson, Andreas Mårtensson, Elisabet Skoog and Björn Olsen
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:530
  26. Abnormal dauer formation gene (daf-5), located downstream of the DAF-7 signalling pathway, mainly functions in dauer formation and reproductive processes in the free-living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Althou...

    Authors: Wenda Di, Fangfang Li, Li He, Chunqun Wang, Caixian Zhou, Lu Liu, Lisa Ye, Jian Chen and Min Hu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:529
  27. The overuse of insecticides to control insect vectors has promoted extensive insecticide resistance in mosquitoes. In this study, the functions of microRNA (miR)-279-3p and its target CYP325BB1 in the regulation ...

    Authors: Xixi Li, Shengli Hu, Hongbo Zhang, Haitao Yin, Huan Wang, Dan Zhou, Yan Sun, Lei Ma, Bo Shen and Changliang Zhu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:528
  28. The expansion of mosquito-borne diseases such as dengue, yellow fever, and chikungunya in the past 15 years has ignited the need for active surveillance of common and neglected mosquito-borne infectious diseas...

    Authors: Roland Bamou, Marie Paul Audrey Mayi, Borel Djiappi-Tchamen, Stella Mariette Nana-Ndjangwo, Elysée Nchoutpouen, Antony John Cornel, Parfait Awono-Ambene, Phillipe Parola, Timoléon Tchuinkam and Christophe Antonio-Nkondjio
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:527
  29. Authors: Mario Santoro, Maurizio Viscardi, Giovanni Sgroi, Nicola DʼAlessio, Vincenzo Veneziano, Roberta Pellicano, Roberta Brunetti and Giovanna Fusco
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:526

    The original article was published in Parasites & Vectors 2019 12:335

  30. Immunotherapeutic drugs, such as domperidone, have been shown to be promising treatments against canine leishmaniosis (CanL), but limited data are available. The aim of this pilot study (therapeutic, prospecti...

    Authors: Maria Alfonsa Cavalera, Floriana Gernone, Annamaria Uva, Paola D’Ippolito, Xavier Roura, Saverio Paltrinieri and Andrea Zatelli
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:525
  31. Single low-dose primaquine (SLD-PQ) is recommended in combination with artemisinin-based combination therapy to reduce Plasmodium falciparum transmission in areas threatened by artemisinin resistance or aiming fo...

    Authors: Stijn W. van Beek, Elin M. Svensson, Alfred B. Tiono, Joseph Okebe, Umberto D’Alessandro, Bronner P. Gonçalves, Teun Bousema, Chris Drakeley and Rob ter Heine
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:524
  32. The subfamily Phascolostrongylinae (Superfamily Strongyloidea) comprises nematodes that are parasitic in the gastrointestinal tracts of macropodid (Family Macropodidae) and vombatid (Family Vombatidae) marsupi...

    Authors: Tanapan Sukee, Ian Beveridge, Anson V. Koehler, Ross Hall, Robin B. Gasser and Abdul Jabbar
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:523
  33. Culicoides insignis is a confirmed vector of bluetongue virus (BTV) throughout the American tropics and a possible vector of epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) in Florida. Despite its importance, fundamen...

    Authors: Dinesh Erram and Nathan Burkett-Cadena
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:522
  34. Sugar feeding is a fundamental behaviour of many mosquito species. For Aedes albopictus, an important vector of dengue virus and chikungunya virus, little is known about its sugar-feeding behaviour, and no studie...

    Authors: T. Swan, E. Ritmejerytė, B. Sebayang, R. Jones, G. Devine, M. Graham, F. A. Zich, K. M. Staunton, T. L. Russell and T. R. Burkot
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:520
  35. Colombia’s National Army is one of the largest military institutions in the country based on the number of serving members and its presence throughout the country. There have been reports of cases of acute or ...

    Authors: Omar Cantillo-Barraza, Jeffer Torres, Carolina Hernández, Yanira Romero, Sara Zuluaga, Camilo A. Correa-Cárdenas, Giovanny Herrera, Omaira Rodríguez, María Teresa Alvarado, Juan David Ramírez and Claudia Méndez
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:519
  36. The excessive use of synthetic insecticides is responsible for many cases of resistance in insects. Therefore, the use of natural molecules of ecological interest with insecticidal properties is an alternative...

    Authors: Roméo Barnabé Bohounton, Luc Salako Djogbénou, Oswald Yédjinnavênan Djihinto, Oronce Sedjro-Ludolphe Dedome, Pierre Marie Sovegnon, Bruno Barea, Aristide Adomou, Pierre Villeneuve and Fidèle Paul Tchobo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:518
  37. Although visceral leishmaniasis (VL) was largely brought under control in most regions of China during the previous century, VL cases have rebounded in western and central China in recent decades. The aim of t...

    Authors: Zhou Guan, Can Chen, Chenyang Huang, Hongwei Zhang, Yiyi Zhou, Yuqing Zhou, Jie Wu, Zhengbin Zhou, Shigui Yang and Lanjuan Li
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:517
  38. Irrigation schemes may result in subsequent changes in malaria disease dynamics. Understanding the mechanisms and effects of irrigation on malaria vector bionomics and transmission intensity is essential to de...

    Authors: Werissaw Haileselassie, Endalew Zemene, Ming-Chieh Lee, Daibin Zhong, Guofa Zhou, Behailu Taye, Alemayehu Dagne, Wakgari Deressa, James W. Kazura, Guiyun Yan and Delenasaw Yewhalaw
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:516

    The Correction to this article has been published in Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:579

  39. The surveillance and control of mosquito-borne diseases is dependent upon understanding the bionomics and distribution of the vectors. Most studies of mosquito assemblages describe species abundance, richness ...

    Authors: Boni F. Sebayang, Tanya L. Russell, Kyran M. Staunton, Michael Townsend, Christopher Paton, Tovi Lehmann and Thomas R. Burkot
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:515
  40. Wild populations of Anopheles mosquitoes are generally thought to mate outdoors in swarms, although once colonized, they also mate readily inside laboratory cages. This study investigated whether the malaria vect...

    Authors: Ismail H. Nambunga, Betwel J. Msugupakulya, Emmanuel E. Hape, Issa H. Mshani, Najat F. Kahamba, Gustav Mkandawile, Daniel M. Mabula, Rukiyah M. Njalambaha, Emmanuel W. Kaindoa, Letus L. Muyaga, Marie R. G. Hermy, Frederic Tripet, Heather M. Ferguson, Halfan S. Ngowo and Fredros O. Okumu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:514
  41. Bovine trypanosomosis transmitted by tsetse flies is a major constraint to cattle health and productivity in all sub-Saharan countries, including Uganda. The objectives of this study were to determine the prev...

    Authors: Daniel Kizza, Michael Ocaido, Anthony Mugisha, Rose Azuba, Sarah Nalule, Howard Onyuth, Simon Peter Musinguzi, Rodney Okwasiimire and Charles Waiswa
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:513
  42. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Lionel Brice Feufack-Donfack, Elangwe Milo Sarah-Matio, Luc Marcel Abate, Aline Gaelle Bouopda Tuedom, Albert Ngano Bayibéki, Christelle Mafo Ngou, Jean-Claude Toto, Maurice Marcel Sandeu, Carole Else Eboumbou Moukoko, Lawrence Ayong, Parfait Awono-Ambene, Isabelle Morlais and Sandrine Eveline Nsango
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:512

    The original article was published in Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:247

  43. The emergence of the Asian invasive malaria vector, Anopheles stephensi, has been identified in Khartoum, the capital city of Sudan. This is the first report that confirms the geographical expansion of this urban...

    Authors: Ayman Ahmed, Rua Khogali, Mohammed-Ahmed B. Elnour, Ryo Nakao and Bashir Salim
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:511

    The Correction to this article has been published in Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:562

  44. Intestinal parasites (IPs) are widely distributed worldwide and are one of the major contributors to gastrointestinal disease. Their prevalence is associated with poor access to water, sanitation and hygiene (...

    Authors: Ernesto Candela, Carolina Goizueta, M. Victoria Periago and Carla Muñoz-Antoli
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:510
  45. Identifying the mechanisms driving disease risk is challenging for multi-host pathogens, such as Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l.), the tick-borne bacteria causing Lyme disease. Deer are tick reproduction ho...

    Authors: Sara Gandy, Elizabeth Kilbride, Roman Biek, Caroline Millins and Lucy Gilbert
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:509
  46. Gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) are ubiquitous in small ruminant farming, representing a major health and production concern. Given their differences in pathogenicity and the current problems regarding anthel...

    Authors: Stephane Knoll, Giorgia Dessì, Claudia Tamponi, Luisa Meloni, Lia Cavallo, Naunain Mehmood, Philippe Jacquiet, Antonio Scala, Maria Grazia Cappai and Antonio Varcasia
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2021 14:505

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