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  1. Organophosphate and carbamate insecticides have largely been used worldwide to control mosquito populations. As a response, the same amino acid substitution in the ace-1 gene (G119S), conferring resistance to bot...

    Authors: Pascal Milesi, Jean-Loup Claret, Sandra Unal, Mylène Weill and Pierrick Labbé
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:484
  2. The Aedes aegypti mosquito is a vector of several viruses including dengue, chikungunya, zika, and yellow fever. Vector surveillance and control are the primary methods used for the control and prevention of dise...

    Authors: Eileen H. Jeffrey Gutiérrez, M. A. Riehle, K. R. Walker, K. C. Ernst and G. Davidowitz
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:483
  3. Dirofilaria immitis causes dirofilariosis, a potentially fatal condition in canids. Dirofilaria infections can be prevented with a macrocyclic lactone (ML) prophylactic regimen. However, some D. immitis isolates ...

    Authors: Emily Curry, Roger Prichard and Anne Lespine
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:482
  4. Vector control plays a key role in reducing the public health burden of mosquito-borne diseases. Today’s vector control strategies largely rely on synthetic insecticides that can have a negative environmental ...

    Authors: Cecilia S. Engdahl, Chinmay V. Tikhe and George Dimopoulos
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:481
  5. Glutamate carboxypeptidase 2 (GCP2) belongs to the M28B metalloprotease subfamily encompassing a variety of zinc-dependent exopeptidases that can be found in many eukaryotes, including unicellular organisms. L...

    Authors: Lucie Jedlickova, Kristyna Peterkova, Enoch Mensah Boateng, Lenka Ulrychova, Vojtech Vacek, Zsofia Kutil, Zhenze Jiang, Zora Novakova, Ivan Snajdr, Juan Kim, Anthony J. O’Donoghue, Cyril Barinka and Jan Dvorak
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:480
  6. Existing control tools have significantly reduced malaria over the past two decades. However, progress has been stalled due to increased resistance in primary vectors and the increasing role of secondary vecto...

    Authors: Godfrey C. Katusi, Marie R. G. Hermy, Samwely M. Makayula, Rickard Ignell, Nicodem J. Govella, Sharon R. Hill and Ladslaus L. Mnyone
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:479
  7. Outbreaks of dengue fever caused by viruses transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes are repeated occurrences in West Africa. In recent years, Burkina Faso has experienced major dengue outbreaks, most notably in 2...

    Authors: Wendegoudi Mathias Ouédraogo, Kobié Hyacinthe Toé, Aboubacar Sombié, Mafalda Viana, Clarisse Bougouma, Antoine Sanon, David Weetman, Philip J. McCall, Hirotaka Kanuka and Athanase Badolo
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:478
  8. Ascaris lumbricoides causes human ascariasis, the most prevalent helminth disease, infecting approximately 1 billion individuals globally. In 2019 the global disease burden was estimated to be 754,000 DALYs and r...

    Authors: Orawan Phuphisut, Akkarin Poodeepiyasawat, Tippayarat Yoonuan, Dorn Watthanakulpanich, Palang Chotsiri, Onrapak Reamtong, Angela Mousley, Geoffrey N. Gobert and Poom Adisakwattana
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:477
  9. Insecticide resistance remains a major public health problem. Resistance surveillance is critical for effective vector control and resistance management planning. Commonly used insecticide susceptibility bioas...

    Authors: Rachel A. Althoff and Silvie Huijben
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:476
  10. Trichinella spiralis is an important foodborne parasite that presents a severe threat to food safety. The development of an anti-Trichinella vaccine is an important step towards controlling Trichinella infection ...

    Authors: Yang Xiu Yue Xu, Xin Zhuo Zhang, Min Min Weng, Yong Kang Cheng, Ruo Dan Liu, Shao Rong Long, Zhong Quan Wang and Jing Cui
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:475
  11. Documentation on water mites in Spain is scarce, as is information on the parasite-host relationship between certain water mite species and representatives of the dipteran family Simuliidae. The discomfort cau...

    Authors: David López-Peña, Reinhard Gerecke, Eduardo Moisés García-Roger, Peter Martin and Ricardo Jiménez-Peydró
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:474
  12. In recent years, global health security has been threatened by the geographical expansion of vector-borne infectious diseases such as malaria, dengue, yellow fever, Zika and chikungunya. For a range of these v...

    Authors: Gabriel Carrasco-Escobar, Marta Moreno, Kimberly Fornace, Manuela Herrera-Varela, Edgar Manrique and Jan E. Conn
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:473
  13. Malaria vectors have a strong ecological association with rice agroecosystems, which can provide abundant aquatic habitats for larval development. Climate-adapted rice cultivation practices, such as the System...

    Authors: Harrison Hardy, Richard Hopkins, Ladslaus Mnyone and Frances M. Hawkes
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:472
  14. Trypanosomatids are among the most critical parasites for public health due to their impact on human, animal, and plant health. Diseases associated with these pathogens manifest mainly in poor and vulnerable p...

    Authors: Adriana C. Castillo-Castañeda, Luz H. Patiño, Maria Fernanda Zuñiga, Omar Cantillo-Barraza, Martha S. Ayala, Maryi Segura, Jessica Bautista, Plutarco Urbano, Jeiczon Jaimes-Dueñez and Juan David Ramírez
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:471
  15. Cryptosporidium parvum is an important zoonotic parasite, which not only causes economic losses in animal husbandry but also harms human health. Due to the lack of effective measures for prevention and treatment,...

    Authors: Heng Jiang, Xu Zhang, Xin Li, Xiaocen Wang, Nan Zhang, Pengtao Gong, Xichen Zhang, Yanhui Yu and Jianhua Li
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:470
  16. Canine heartworm is a widespread and potentially fatal mosquito-borne disease caused by infections with the parasitic nematode, Dirofilaria immitis. We have previously shown that systemic activation of the Toll i...

    Authors: Sarah D. Sneed, Sutopa B. Dwivedi, Cameron DiGate, Shane Denecke and Michael Povelones
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:469
  17. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is the most severe form of all leishmanial infections and is caused by infection with protozoa of Leishmania donovani and Leishmania infantum. This parasitic disease occurs in over 80 ...

    Authors: Ana Isabel Olías-Molero, Pedro Botías, Montserrat Cuquerella, Jesús García-Cantalejo, Emilia Barcia, Susana Torrado, Juan José Torrado and José María Alunda
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:468
  18. Several species belonging to the genus Ehrlichia are considered pathogenic for animals and humans. Although wildlife are known to play an important role in the epidemiology of these bacteria, information on the r...

    Authors: Susana Remesar, Sabrina Castro-Scholten, Patrocinio Morrondo, Pablo Díaz, Débora Jiménez-Martín, Carlos Rouco, Leonor Camacho-Sillero, David Cano-Terriza and Ignacio García-Bocanegra
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:467
  19. Triatoma dimidiata is a vector of the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiologic agent of Chagas disease. Phenotypic plasticity allows an organism to adjust its phenotype in response to stimuli or enviro...

    Authors: Irving J. May-Concha, Maryrose J. Escalante-Talavera, Jean-Pierre Dujardin and Etienne Waleckx
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:466
  20. Anopheles cell lines are used in a variety of ways to better understand the major vectors of malaria in sub-Saharan Africa. Despite this, commonly used cell lines are not well characterized, and no tools are avai...

    Authors: Heather Eggleston, Kimani Njoya, Cameron E. Anderson, Inge Holm, Karin Eiglmeier, Jiangtao Liang, Igor V. Sharakhov, Kenneth D. Vernick and Michelle M. Riehle
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:465
  21. Toxoplasma gondii infection during pregnancy can lead to fetal defect(s) or congenital complications. The inhibitory molecule B7-H4 expressed on decidual macrophages (dMφ) plays an important role in maternal–feta...

    Authors: Lijun Cui, Yu Wang, Liqin Ren, Zhidan Li, Yuzhu Jiang, Chao Wang, Xianbing Liu, Yushan Ren and Xuemei Hu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:464
  22. Dipylidium caninum is the causal agent of dipylidiasis affecting mainly cats and dogs worldwide. Human cases of dipylidiasis are rare, and the diagnosis is prevalently based on morphological features of the paras...

    Authors: Paula Benitez-Bolivar, Silvia Rondón, Mario Ortiz, Juana Díaz-Díaz, Cielo León, Juan Riveros, Helverth Molina and Camila González
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:463
  23. It is recognised that paediatric indications and age-appropriate formulations are required to ensure that paediatric populations receive appropriate pharmacotherapeutic treatment. The lack of information on do...

    Authors: Issraa Al-Obaidi, Anna K. Krome, Karl G. Wagner, Kenneth Pfarr, Annette C. Kuesel and Hannah K. Batchelor
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:462
  24. Glutathione S-transferase (GST) in eukaryotic organisms has multiple functions such as detoxifying endogenous/exogenous harmful substances to protect cells from oxidative damage, participating in sterol synthe...

    Authors: Shuang Li, Zhu Ying, Yangfei Xue, Zhepeng Sun, Jing Liu and Qun Liu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:461
  25. In China, people infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) are commonly found in areas with a high prevalence of Clonorchis sinensis, a trematode worm. Published studies have reported that the progression of hepatiti...

    Authors: Huimin Dong, Lu Zhao, Hengchang Sun, Mei Shang, Gang Lv, Xinbing Yu, Bo Hu and Yan Huang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:460
  26. The mitochondrial DNA of trypanosomatids, including Leishmania, is known as kinetoplast DNAs (kDNAs). The kDNAs form networks of hundreds of DNA circles that are evidently interlocked and require complex RNA edit...

    Authors: Pornchai Anuntasomboon, Suradej Siripattanapipong, Sasimanas Unajak, Kiattawee Choowongkomon, Richard Burchmore, Saovanee Leelayoova, Mathirut Mungthin and Teerasak E-kobon
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:459
  27. Mosquito-borne diseases threaten human health, but mosquito control faces various challenges, such as resistance to chemical insecticides. Thus, there is an urgent need for more effective and environment-frien...

    Authors: Jing Wang, Shasha Yu, Luhan Wang, Tingting Liu, Xuesen Yang, Xiaobing Hu and Ying Wang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:458
  28. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is recognized as one of the most prevalent zoonotic diseases in Bosnia and Herzegovina. However, no systemic investigation of the genetic diversity of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato...

    Authors: Adnan Hodžić, Amer Alić, Amir Spahić, Josef Harl and Relja Beck
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:457
  29. In mice, liver fibrosis is the most serious pathologic change during Schistosoma japonicum (S. japonicum) infection. Schistosomiasis is mainly characterized by schistosome egg-induced granulomatous fibrosis. Hepa...

    Authors: Ping Huang, Huihui Ma, Yun Cao, Tingzheng Zhan, Tingting Zhang, Xinyi Wang, Yanan Zhang, Jing Xu and Chaoming Xia
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:456
  30. Several reports suggest a further spread of besnoitiosis to countries in which Besnoitia besnoiti-infected bovine herds have not been noticed yet. Cattle infected without clinical signs may represent reservoirs. ...

    Authors: Gereon Schares, Andrea Bärwald, Marie-Astrid Vernet, Frédéric Bernard, Béatrice Blanchard and Philippe Coppe
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:455
  31. Toxoplasma gondii is known as the most successful parasite, which can regulate the host immune response through a variety of ways to achieve immune escape. We previously reported that a novel gene wx2 of T. gondi...

    Authors: Zhenrong Ma, Zhuolin Li, Ruolan Jiang, Xuanwu Li, Kang Yan, Ni Zhang, Bin Lu, Yehong Huang, Nouhoum Dibo and Xiang Wu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:454
  32. Hawaiʻi’s native forest avifauna is experiencing drastic declines due to climate change-induced increases in temperature encroaching on their upper-elevation montane rainforest refugia. Higher temperatures sup...

    Authors: Adam E. Vorsino and Zhiyong Xi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:453
  33. In the last years, research on feline cardio-pulmonary parasites has considerably increased in Europe. Not only domestic cats (Felis catus), but also European wildcats (Felis silvestris) can serve as definitive h...

    Authors: Katrin Bisterfeld, Marie-Kristin Raulf, Patrick Waindok, Andrea Springer, Johannes Lang, Michael Lierz, Ursula Siebert and Christina Strube
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:452
  34. The production of Plasmodium gametocytes in vitro is a real challenge. Many protocols have been described, but few have resulted in the production of viable and infectious gametocytes in sufficient quantities to ...

    Authors: Roukayatou Omorou, Ibrahim Bin Sa’id, Michael Delves, Carlo Severini, Yobouet Ines Kouakou, Anne-Lise Bienvenu and Stephane Picot
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:451
  35. Chagas disease is considered to be endemic in up to 40% of the territory of Colombia, and to date 27 triatomine species have been reported the country. The purpose of this study was to update the geographical ...

    Authors: Sergio Méndez-Cardona, Mario I. Ortiz, María Cristina Carrasquilla, Patricia Fuya, Felipe Guhl and Camila González
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:450
  36. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a widespread zoonosis and a significant economic concern and cause of morbidity in humans. A scarcity of education on the sources of CE infection and containment measures is consi...

    Authors: Francesca Porcu, Cinzia Cantacessi, Giorgia Dessì, Maria Francesca Sini, Fahad Ahmed, Lia Cavallo, Francesca Nonnis, Katherine Gibson, Cecilia Varcasia, Gaelle Joanny, Antonio Scala, Claudia Tamponi and Antonio Varcasia
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:449
  37. Malaria remains one of the most important infectious diseases in sub-Saharan Africa, responsible for approximately 228 million cases and 602,000 deaths in 2020. In this region, malaria transmission is driven m...

    Authors: Brian Bartilol, Donwilliams Omuoyo, Jonathan Karisa, Kelly Ominde, Charles Mbogo, Joseph Mwangangi, Marta Maia and Martin Kibet Rono
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:448
  38. Tsetse control is considered an effective and sustainable tactic for the control of cyclically transmitted trypanosomosis in the absence of effective vaccines and inexpensive, effective drugs. The sterile inse...

    Authors: Mouhamadou M. Dieng, Antonios A. Augustinos, Güler Demirbas-Uzel, Vangelis Doudoumis, Andrew G. Parker, George Tsiamis, Robert L. Mach, Kostas Bourtzis and Adly M. M. Abd-Alla
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:447
  39. The Ibizan Hound is a canine breed native to the Mediterranean region, where leishmaniosis is an endemic zoonosis. Several studies indicate low prevalence of this disease in these dogs but the underlying molec...

    Authors: Luis Álvarez, Pablo-Jesús Marín-García and Lola Llobat
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:445
  40. Despite decades of community-directed treatment with ivermectin (CDTI), onchocerciasis transmission persists in Cameroon and has been associated with increased risk for epilepsy in endemic communities. We inve...

    Authors: Joseph Nelson Siewe Fodjo, Leonard Ngarka, Wepnyu Yembe Njamnshi, Peter Ayuk Enyong, Anne-Cécile Zoung-Kanyi Bissek and Alfred Kongnyu Njamnshi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:444
  41. Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) serve as natural reservoirs for many zoonotic pathogens worldwide, including vector-borne pathogens. However, bat-associated parasitic arthropods and their microbiota are thus far not ...

    Authors: Anton Vlaschenko, Cristian Răileanu, Oliver Tauchmann, Denys Muzyka, Valeria Bohodist, Serhii Filatov, Olena Rodenko, Ihor Tovstukha and Cornelia Silaghi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:443
  42. Plasmodium knowlesi has become a major public health concern in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo, where it is now the only cause of indigenous malaria. The importance of P. knowlesi has spurred on a series of studies on t...

    Authors: Tock H. Chua, Benny Obrain Manin and Kimberly Fornace
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:442

    The Correction to this article has been published in Parasites & Vectors 2023 16:9

  43. Cryptosporidium species are zoonotic protozoans that are important causes of diarrhoeal disease in both humans and animals. Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) play an important role in the innate immune defense against Cry...

    Authors: Lulu Sun, Juanfeng Li, Fujie Xie, Shanbo Wu, Tianren Shao, Xiaoying Li, Junqiang Li, Fuchun Jian, Sumei Zhang, Changshen Ning, Longxian Zhang and Rongjun Wang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:441
  44. Hepatozoon spp. is the causative agent of a vector-borne parasitic disease in many animal species. In felids, Hepatozoon felis, Hepatozoon canis and Hepatozoon silvestris have been molecularly isolated. Hepatozoo...

    Authors: Giulia Simonato, Vittoria Franco, Giovanna Salvatore, Simone Manzocchi, Giorgia Dotto, Simone Morelli, Marika Grillini, Laura Cavicchioli, Maria Elena Gelain and Eric Zini
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:440
  45. The Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus is responsible for the transmission of many arboviruses worldwide and is well adapted to thrive in urban environments. In mainland France, a nonendemic area, this mosquit...

    Authors: Pénélope Duval, Claire Valiente Moro and Christina Aschan-Leygonie
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:439
  46. Praziquantel is the drug of choice for treating the tapeworm Dipylidium caninum in dogs; however, resistance is possible, and regular, non-targeted administration of praziquantel may select for anthelminthic-resi...

    Authors: John P. Loftus, Andrew Acevedo, Dwight D. Bowman, Janice L. Liotta, Timothy Wu and Melinda Zhu
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:438

    The Correction to this article has been published in Parasites & Vectors 2023 16:91

  47. Accurate identification of mosquito species is essential for the development and optimization of strategies to control mosquitoes and mosquito-borne diseases. Problems with the morphological identification of ...

    Authors: Md Monirul Hoque, Matthew John Valentine, Patrick John Kelly, Subarna Barua, Daniel Felipe Barrantes Murillo and Chengming Wang
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:437
  48. The common bed bug, Cimex lectularius L., is a hematophagous ectoparasite that was a common pest in poultry farms through the 1960s. Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and organophosphates eradicated most infe...

    Authors: Maria A. González-Morales, Andrea E. Thomson, Olivia A. Petritz, Rocio Crespo, Ahmed Haija, Richard G. Santangelo and Coby Schal
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:431

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